AQA AS History - Britain, 1906 - 1951 - Liberal Landslide

A revision resource on AS History - The Liberal Landslide. This is part of Unit 1 - Britain, 1906 - 51. I hope it is helpful for revision! Please let me know if you think there is anything I can do to make it a better revision document. :) 

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Preview of AQA AS History - Britain, 1906 - 1951 - Liberal Landslide

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Britain 1906 ­ 14: The `Liberal landslide, 1906
Key profile ­ Henry Campbell Bannerman (1836 ­ 1908)
Leader of the Liberal Party from 1898 to 1908
Liberal prime minister from 1905 to 1906
Reunited the Liberal Party
Shrewdly called a general election early in 1906 which he won with huge majority
Often referred to as `CB'
Retired in 1908 due to illness
The general election in 1906
The general election took place in January 1906 and produced a landslide victory for the
Liberal Party
Liberals won a majority in the House of Commons and also a huge overall majority with 401
seats as against 157 for the Conservatives
Most of the Conservative cabinet lost their seats, including the prime minister A.J Balfour ­
1922 before the Conservatives won an election again
In Britain the swing to the Liberals was around 10%, while the evident drift towards the
Conservatives in Lancashire, the heart of Britain's manufacturing district, was thrown into
reverse despite it being evident since 1868
The Liberals made notable gains in London and the south east, although Birmingham was a
lone exception as it remained loyal to the Conservatives because of the local support for
Joseph Chamberlain and his political `machine'
This Liberal victory was surprising as the Liberals had not been in Gov for 20 years except
briefly in 18925
They had also been soundly beaten in the 1900 election, but in 1906, they were
overwhelmingly victorious
The election also established the Labour Party as a distinct force in the House of Commons
So how did this happen? Let's look into the factors weakening the Cons before
1906...
All general election results can be assessed in terms of whether the factors causing one side to win
are more or less important than the factors causing the other side to lose. In the decade before
1906, the Cons had won two general elections with large overall majorities while the Liberals
appeared divided and demoralised. But in 1906, the Libs gained their greatest electoral triumph and

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Cons their greatest defeat. There were many reasons for this stunning reversal of political
fortunes, such as...…read more

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Nonconformists traditionally voted Libs rather than Cons anyway, but many switched away
from Libs over Home Rule for Ireland ­ however through this act they returned to voting
Liberal
Nonconformists were strong in areas such as Wales and could help swing the vote in
marginal constituencies
Evidence ­ evidence from byelections suggests Lib support grew after the disagreements
over the 1902 and 1904 acts
Intense nonconformist opposition encouraged a revival of the Lib Party after its divisions
over the Boer War
Helped to reunite the…read more

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Britain in the early 1900s
Boer War exposed the amount of malnutrition (esp.…read more

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Misunderstood working men's reaction to tariff reform campaign and allowed Joseph
Chamberlain to make tariff reform a key Unionist policy from 1903 onwards
Furthermore, he was indirectly responsible for the timing of the 1906 election through his
unusual decision that his gov should step down in December 1905
Attractions of the Liberal Party
1905 ­ Libs were also a reunited party
Issues which had divided them, such as the Irish Home Rule, put to one side.…read more

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Two parties were also in broad agreement over social and workingclass reform ­ the
Liberal/Labour joint campaigns against the 1902 Education Act and `Chinese Slavery'
helped to reinforce this
Both Lib and Lab shared similar ideas with regard to Free Trade ­ which not only promised
cheap food but also the idea of peace and `international harmony', causes dear to the hearts
of both groups
MacDonald was a moderate leader and more radical socialist ideas seemed more confined
to the more extreme fringes of the…read more

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