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Coastal Landforms

It can be said that these are the most common and important erosional coastal landform, due to
their number and the amount of pressure human activity places upon them.

They result from the interaction of a number of processes:

1. Geological.
2. Sub-aerial.
3. Marine.
4. Meteorological.…

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Hard rock cliffs:
Examples include granite and basalt cliffs. They exhibit a slow rate of erosion and tend to be stable.

Soft rock cliffs:

Examples include cliffs comprised of glacial till and clay, such as those found at Fairlight Cove in

These cliffs often erode rapidly. In these cliffs,…

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Headlands and Bays
Headlands and bays form where there are bands of
alternating hard rock and soft rock at right angles to the

The soft rock is eroded quickly, forming a bay.

The harder rock is eroded less and sticks out as a headland.

Wave cut platforms
These are…

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Geos, Caves, arches, stacks and blowholes
The action of marine erosion on jointed and bedded
rocks such as limestone and chalk tends to enlarge
any zones of weakness like joints and faults.

Where erosion excavates enough material along a
joint or place weakness, a steep-sided inlet may form
called a…


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