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RELATIONSHIPS
Maintenance of Relationships



Social Exchange Theory:
Profit and Loss:
The theory assumes that all social behaviours are a series of exchanges. Individuals attempt
to maximise their rewards whilst minimising their costs i.e. hoping to gain a `profit' by
exchanging resources.
Rewards that we may receive from a relationship are…

Page 2

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RELATIONSHIPS
Maintenance of Relationships



However, it is possible for both partners to give and take very different amounts and for the
relationship to be equitable.
Although one partner perceives themselves as putting in less, they may also receive less
from the relationship, allowing the relationship to be judged fair. This…

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