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Page 1

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Saturday, 28
May 2016 Philosophy of mind SYNTHESISED
Key points throughout philosophy of mind
-
Cartesian Dualism
Descartes' view that the mind is ontologically distinct from the body
Argument that the mind is res cogitans and the body is res extensa
It is autonomously found and certain for Descartes that…

Page 2

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Criticisms
The problem Descartes' faces is interactionism's apparent inability to explain how causal interaction
between the mind and the body is possible. There must be some common medium in which transactions
between one and the other can take place

1

Page 3

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Saturday, 28 May 2016
Princess Elisabeth of Bohemia in her correspondence with Descartes expresses the problem in terms
of the need for some contact between the two substances in order for the mind to affect the body. Since
the mind has no extended surface it is unable to touch the…

Page 4

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that energy eliminates itself for mind and body -

Conceivability Argument
Some things are physically impossible in our world, others are logically impossible
It is inconceivable to imagine a logical impossibility; a round square, but it is not inconceivable to
imagine a physical impossibility; a flying horse

2

Page 5

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Saturday, 28 May 2016
1. If I can clearly and distinctly conceive of the essential natures of two things separately, it might just be
possible to separate them
2. I clearly and distinctly perceive myself to be essentially a thinking unextended thing (my mind)
3. I clearly and distinctly perceive…

Page 6

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Chalmers thinks it is possible that there is a world populated with these people, since there is no way
of knowing otherwise. But he doesn't think they actually exist. It is more important that we can conceive of
such beings, and that because we can conceive of them, he argues,…

Page 7

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Saturday, 28 May 2016
3. But we can conceive of a world which is physically identical to this one but in which there is no
conscious experience (on other words, such a world is metaphysically possible)
4. Therefore physicalism is false

Criticisms
:
Dennett: A zombie world is not conceivable.…

Page 8

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cannot be simplified.
However, Jackson, like Chalmers, accepts that the brain must have some role to play in the production
of consciousness. Jackson supports a version of property dualism whereby the mental is irreducible; but
nonetheless a product of the physical brain
He regards himself as a qualia freak; that…

Page 9

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Saturday, 28 May 2016
The argument begins with a thought experiment about a brilliant neuroscientist named Mary. Mary, we
are asked to suppose, has been confined in a black and white room her entire life, having only been able
to access the world via a black and white television screen…

Page 10

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she cannot communicate to another being
Others argue she gains ability knowledge, not propositional. She does not gain any new true or false
facts she instead gains an ability in how to observe colour, and acquaintance in the experience of colour
itself. The fact she learns something new doesn't undermine…

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rangadaisy

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thank you so much :o 

zee32

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Thank you for this! A life saver!!

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Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
Saturday, 28
May 2016 Philosophy of mind SYNTHESISED
Key points throughout philosophy of mind
-
Cartesian Dualism
Descartes' view that the mind is ontologically distinct from the body
Argument that the mind is res cogitans and the body is res extensa
It is autonomously found and certain for Descartes that…

Page 2

Preview of page 2
Criticisms
The problem Descartes' faces is interactionism's apparent inability to explain how causal interaction
between the mind and the body is possible. There must be some common medium in which transactions
between one and the other can take place

1

Page 3

Preview of page 3
Saturday, 28 May 2016
Princess Elisabeth of Bohemia in her correspondence with Descartes expresses the problem in terms
of the need for some contact between the two substances in order for the mind to affect the body. Since
the mind has no extended surface it is unable to touch the…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
that energy eliminates itself for mind and body -

Conceivability Argument
Some things are physically impossible in our world, others are logically impossible
It is inconceivable to imagine a logical impossibility; a round square, but it is not inconceivable to
imagine a physical impossibility; a flying horse

2

Page 5

Preview of page 5
Saturday, 28 May 2016
1. If I can clearly and distinctly conceive of the essential natures of two things separately, it might just be
possible to separate them
2. I clearly and distinctly perceive myself to be essentially a thinking unextended thing (my mind)
3. I clearly and distinctly perceive…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
Chalmers thinks it is possible that there is a world populated with these people, since there is no way
of knowing otherwise. But he doesn't think they actually exist. It is more important that we can conceive of
such beings, and that because we can conceive of them, he argues,…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
Saturday, 28 May 2016
3. But we can conceive of a world which is physically identical to this one but in which there is no
conscious experience (on other words, such a world is metaphysically possible)
4. Therefore physicalism is false

Criticisms
:
Dennett: A zombie world is not conceivable.…

Page 8

Preview of page 8
cannot be simplified.
However, Jackson, like Chalmers, accepts that the brain must have some role to play in the production
of consciousness. Jackson supports a version of property dualism whereby the mental is irreducible; but
nonetheless a product of the physical brain
He regards himself as a qualia freak; that…

Page 9

Preview of page 9
Saturday, 28 May 2016
The argument begins with a thought experiment about a brilliant neuroscientist named Mary. Mary, we
are asked to suppose, has been confined in a black and white room her entire life, having only been able
to access the world via a black and white television screen…

Page 10

Preview of page 10
she cannot communicate to another being
Others argue she gains ability knowledge, not propositional. She does not gain any new true or false
facts she instead gains an ability in how to observe colour, and acquaintance in the experience of colour
itself. The fact she learns something new doesn't undermine…

Comments

rangadaisy

Report

thank you so much :o 

zee32

Report

Thank you for this! A life saver!!