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Baron-Cohen -- Cognitive approach Loftus & Palmer -- Cognitive approach
Background B-C's own research with children (Sally-Anne test); other tests with Background Studies on memory showing `post-event information' can distort
adults (Happe) recall; police interest in accuracy of Eye Witness Testimony
sample Autistic/Asperger Syndrome (ASD) 13 m 3 f; Tourettes;…

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Samuel and Bryant --Developmental Approach Bandura--Developmental Approach
ID Conservation Background Debate over the influence of aggression; Freudian explanation was
seeing aggression was `cathartic' (release) = reduced feelings of ag-
Background Piaget, <7yos could not conserve; Rose and Blank - children con-
gression after watching aggression
fused by 2 Qs -…

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Maguire--physiological / biological approach Sperry --physiological / biological approach
Background hippocampus plays a role in spatial memory; view that brain could not Background Before brain imaging technology of 1980s little was known about
change in adults working brain, esp. role of corpus calosum (Sperry got Nobel prize)
Sample 16 RH.…

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Piliavin -- social approach Milgram -- social approach
Background nobody helped in murder of Kitty Genovese; `diffusion of responsibil-
ity' explanation Background Nazi Germany - soldiers obeyed orders to kill innocent civilians;
`authoritarian' personality (individualistic) explanation of lethal obedi-
sample 4,000+ 45% black and 55% white M/F New Yorkers ence…

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Thigpen & Cleckley --Individual Differences Approach Rosenhan--Individual Differences Approach

Background unclear cases of identity; young lady suffering from headaches from Background Debates about the nature of mental illness; suggestions of ill-treatment
which she has lapses of memory of patients
Sample Staff (Doctors, Nurses, Orderlies) 12 hospitals
Sample one young woman…

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Thigpen & Cleckley - essentially psychodynamic approach taken Freud - invented this perspective!

Background unclear cases of identity; young lady suffering from headaches from
Background Freud had tried to explain the unconscious mind in terms of early
which she has lapses of memory
childhood development but had not investigated young…

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Savage-Rumbough - as a behaviourist study Bandura --as a behaviourist study
Background Claim that only humans can learn language (LAD theory); previous re- Behaviourist Social Learning theory - Children learned aggression via imitation
search with chimps and language aspect of role models; rewarded `vicariously' = by the excitement of watch-…


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