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Media influences on anti social behaviour
Possible questions: 'Discuss media influences on antisocial behaviour' (9+16marks)
Huesmann and Moise suggest five ways that +ve. most these experiments are natural
exposure to media violence might lead to experiments which are high in external validity and
aggression in children. are relevant to real life.
+ve. Example: Phillips examined crime statistics for a
Observational learning and imitation: 10 day period following a major televised boxing
Children observe the actions of media models and match. He found a significant rise in the number of
may later imitate these behaviours, especially when murders during this period.
the child admires and identifies with the model.
TV might inform viewers of the Positive and negative -ve. Although natural experiments are prone to be
conseq. of violent behav. affected by extraneous variables this could
The more real the children perceive violent televised influence the results collected.
scenes to be, the more they believe that the
characters are like them, thus more likely they will +ve. Bandura's Bobo doll study supports the view
try out the modelled behaviours. that children learn specific acts of aggression and
also larn when the aggressive behaviour is likely to
-ve. However, such imitation is actually quiet rare
outside the Bandura style studies using specially
-ve. ethical issues: laboratory experiments such as
Bandura's are now outdated and cannot be re
tested due to ethical issues. e.g. psychological harm.
Ethical concerns are subjecting children to violent
media content which might later increase aggressive
behaviour in the child.
Real life app.
-ve. Two boys who murdered James Bulger were
said to have been inspired by the video 'childs play' ,
but many psychologists claim that no link was ever
This refers to the activation of existing thoughts and
feeling s, and explains why children observe one +ve. Josephson-Importance of cognitive priming.
kind of aggression on TV and commit another kind Hockey players were deliberately frustrated and then
of aggressive act afterwards. shown a violent or non violent film where the actor
held a walkie tallkie. In a subsequent hockey game,
Immediately after watching a violent programme, a the boys behaved most aggressively if they had
viewer responds aggressively because of a network seen the violent film and the referee was holding a
of memories involving aggression is retrieved. walkie talkie. Presumably the walkie tallkie acted as
a cue for a network of aggressive memories to be
Frequent exposure to scenes of violence may lead retrieved.
children to store scripts of aggressive behaviour,
and these may later be recalled if any aspect of the
original situation if present. -ve. Gender Bias in media
-ve. lacks the use of representative samples and
makes generalisation from them.
Jumela Begum 13LEB
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Effects research has primarily focused on acts
of male-on-male physical violence, freq. viewed
within the artificial of the lab.
-ve. no conception on how this focus on on-screen
violencemay affect male and female viewers
responses to the characters and chosen situation.
-ve. there inherent gender bias in these studies is
often hidden behind gender neutral terms such as
Desensitisation: 'college students' or 'viewers' when describing the
Under normal conditions, anxiety about violence population from which the sample is drawn.
inhibits its use.…read more
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The use of aggression by prosocial character
lends an aura of moral justification to their violence,
Viewing TV violence may also produce attitude with which children readily identify.
change and suggest that problems can be solved
through aggressive behaviours.
A substantial number of lab & field exp. over the
past 1/2 century have examined whether children
exposed to violent behaviour on a film or TV behave
more aggressively immediately afterwards.…read more