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Page 1

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GCSE DEVELOPMENT
ANSWERS TO QUESTION 1

(a) (i) 1. the UK: 15 deaths per thousand live births (accept 14 - 16)
2. Malawi: 165 deaths per thousand live births (accept 164 - 166) 2x1

(ii) 1. The least food per person: Nepal
2. The most food for each person: UK…

Page 2

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(e) (i) The use of only one indicator does not give a fully accurate picture of life in the country:
* GNP per person is a measure of average wealth
* which could be distorted by a very wealthy sector of society, e.g. oil-rich sheik's in countries
like Saudi Arabia…

Page 3

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GCSE DEVELOPMENT
ANSWERS TO QUESTION 2

(a) (i) The GNP of a country:
* is an estimate of the value of a country's production in US dollars
* measures the value of goods and services produced in a country, plus the balance, positive or
negative of income from abroad (includes…

Page 4

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GCSE POPULATION
ANSWERS TO QUESTION 3

(a) Most/fastest economic development has taken place in the `North' or converse. 1

(b) (i) Life expectancy means the number of years that a child born today can expect to live at current
mortality rates (figure is the average of that for men and…

Page 5

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GCSE DEVELOPMENT
ANSWERS TO QUESTION 4

(a) (i) Factors that would indicate that people are living in severe poverty (in rank order of validity):
1. Exchange calorie intake per person per day
2. Energy consumption per person per year
3. Infant mortality rates
4. Gross Domestic Product per person per…

Page 6

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(c) (i) Short term aid means measures which address/tackle the primary (immediate) impacts/effects of
the catastrophe, e.g. thirst, hunger, injury, illness etc. 1

(ii) Other examples of short term aid:
* water purification tablets
* doctors
* money 1

(iii) Long term aid may be of more use to a…

Page 7

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GCSE DEVELOPMENT
ANSWERS TO QUESTION 5

(a) (i) 1. The most prosperous place in Britain: Winchester
2. The least prosperous place in Britain: Consett 2x1

(ii) 1. The most prosperous places are generally market towns in the London commuter belt.
2. The least prosperous places are generally urban settlements in…

Page 8

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(d) (continued)
Below are two case studies of how city authorities have raised the quality of life in inner city areas
in MEDCs:

Osaka - Kobe cities on Honshu Island, Japan:
* severe overcrowding = 10,000 people per km2, average house size 4.5 metres2 (x8 smaller than UK)
* Port…

Page 9

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GCSE DEVELOPMENT
ANSWERS TO QUESTION 6

(a) (i) South-east 1

(ii) Four 1

(iii) GNP is the total value of all the goods and services produced by a country in one year, usually
calculated in US Dollars - for comparability between countries. 1

(iv) The map closely supports the idea…

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