Answers For Laws Relating To ICT

These are notes made by my ICT teacher. GOD BLESS HER! i hope these help

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  • Created by: mar-rii
  • Created on: 07-06-09 19:30
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Laws related to ICT
Here are some related past paper questions to try:
1) Give one reason why it may be wrong to scan an image from a school library book. [1]
It's breaking the copyright law because you have to permission from the person who owns the copyright.
2) A computer room is going to be installed in a youth club. Describe three features of electrical safety that will be
considered when installing the computers. [3]
Three answers from:
Increase the number of power points (plug sockets) so there is enough for everything that needs to be plugged
in to have its own socket OR make sure no socket is overloaded by having more than one plug in it.
Put in trip switches so that if there is a power surge the trip switch will go off and protect the computer
equipment. OR Have every computer plugged into a surge protector so that if there is a power surge the surge
protector prevents the surge reaching the computers which could be damaged by it.
Make sure the cables are not trapped/crimped to make sure they don't get damaged
Make sure there is no exposed wires in cables OR make sure the cables are properly insulated
Ensure no trailing cables which people could trip over OR make sure all cables enclosed eg put in trunking.
Make sure all plugs are securely fixed.
Make sure there are sockets near where the computers are going to be so that cables don't need to be trailed a
long distance in order to plug the computers in
Make sure no liquids/drinks are allowed in the room to prevent any liquid getting spilt on electrical equipment
Make sure there is a fire extinguisher in the room that is suitable for use on electrical equipment OR make sure
there is CO2 fire extinguisher in the room (remember water fire extinguishers, foam extinguishers and fire
blankets are NOT suitable for use with electrical equipment such as computers)
3) Brian works in the office using computers for long periods of time. He suffers from Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI)
and back pain. Suggest two ways of reducing these problems. [2]
Two answers from:
Suitable adjustable seating at the computer to prevent back strain so the chair can be adjusted to the correct
height and can be adjusted to support his back (remember you will NOT get a mark if you write "Use a
comfortable chair")
Suitable wrist supports to prevent RSI.
Height adjustable monitor to prevent back strain
Taking regular breaks from typing to prevent RSI. Take regular breaks from sitting at the computer (get up &
walk round at regular intervals) to prevent back strain
Use an ergonomic keyboard to prevent RSI
Use a footrest to prevent back strain
4) A mail order company introduces a new database to hold its customer records. A customer of the mail order
company suspects that information about them is incorrect. How does the Data Protection Act help the customer
with this problem? [2]
Two answers from:
Allows the customer to demand/ask/request to see the data that is held about them so they can check it is
accurate
If the data is inaccurate or excessive the customer can insist it is changed or deleted
If the Data Protection Act is not being followed then the customer can contact the Data Protection
Registrar/Ombudsman and ask him/her to deal with the company and sort out the problem
5) An office worker uses a computer terminal for extended periods of time. What factors should be considered
when purchasing a monitor and a chair in order to reduce health problems? [2]
Two answers from:
For the Monitor:
Use a screen filter OR use an anti-antiglare screen
Make sure the screen has a good refresh rate OR make sure it is an anti-flicker screen
Make sure there is a high/good screen resolution.
Make sure the screen size is larger enough to eb able to easily see the files being used on the computer
Make sure the angle/height of the monitor is adjustable
Make sure it is a low emission monitor
Decide whether a CRT or TFT monitor would be most suitable
For the Chair:

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Adjustable height and adjustable back support
Support for back
Ergonomic design.
6) `Increased use of ICT by businesses and government agencies represents a threat to people's privacy.' Discuss
this statement. [6]
Remember, this question is asking about for your view/opinion, and people may have different opinions so you might
not agree with all the answers below.…read more

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There is NO mark for saying take aspirin etc)
Back/neck problems/pains:
Use an adjustable chair ­ height and back support adjust (NO mark for comfortable chair).
Table at the correct height.
Use a foot rest.
Monitor at right level/height.
Take regular breaks walking around
Hand/Wrist problems/RSI:
Ergonomic keyboard.
Use a chair with arms.
Use a wrist rest.
Take regular breaks away from the computer.
8) State three of the principles contained in the Data Protection Act.…read more

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TWO marks for each explanation (max of 6) (the numbered list shows which explanations belong to
which of the principles listed above):
1. If data is obtained unfairly individuals may have no knowledge that the data has been collected [1] if
collected unlawfully then data subjects may be subject to harassment from the holders of the unlawfully
obtained data [1]
2.…read more

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There are a number of health problems that can be caused by working on computers for long periods of time.
Explain how the use of suitable equipment can reduce these problems. [6]
Answers from (one mark for the item of equipment & 1 mark for explaining the problem it is reducing):
ergonomic keyboards can be used...
to reduce RSI
to reduce repetitive movements of fingers
wrist rests can be used...
to ensure that hands/wrists are kept level to reduce RSI
suitable use of mouse....…read more

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