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A01 description A02 evaluation
Parapsychology (a.k.a. anomalistic psychology) is the
study of the paranormal. This includes;
ESP (extrasensory perception ­ refers to the
perception of objects or events without the known
senses being involved, it includes telepathy,
clairvoyance and precognition. i.e. moving things with
your mind. In the early days, Zener cards were used to
test ESP (see below)) Psychokinesis, Near Death
Experiences, Out of Body Experiences, Mediumship,
Psychic healing etc.…read more

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This happens in other areas of science too, not only parapsychology.
ESP testing ­ Zener cards Early research (Rhine and Pratt, 1954) showed some very significant findings of ESP. Some pp's achieved 40%
Zener cards are a set of 25 cards that are organised at accuracy. However, some researchers' claim that results like this were due to sloppy procedures and that more
random. A `sender' concentrates on each card, and the controlled studies showed less significance. This seems to be an area of disagreement.…read more

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Radin and Ferrari (1991) reviewed a large number of studies looking at pp's ability to influence dice. The
findings were significant and suggest the possibly existence of PK BUT, when studies were eliminated that had
not been tested for `biased dice', the results were less convincing ­ though still statistically significant.
Bierman (2000) analysed a large number of paranormal studies (including micro-PK) and found a steady decline
in the effect size.…read more


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