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Page 1

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ANIONS (NEG)


CARBONATE HCl CO2
Limewater Cloudy


SULPHATE HCl + Barium chloride White ppt

CHLORIDE Nitric acid + silver White ppt
nitrate
BROMIDE Cream ppt

IODIDE Yellow ppt

NITRATE Sodium hydroxide + Ammonia + red litmus
Aluminum powder paper turns blue

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CATIONS (POS)


1. Add Sodium hydroxide
Group 1 = clear no ppt
Group 2 = insoluble white ppt

Aluminum WHITE PPT
Dissolves remaining sodium hydroxide
Red litmus paper turns blue (when heated)


Copper BLUE PPT

Iron II GREEN PPT

IRON III RUST PPT

Page 3

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FLAME TEST (CATIONS)


LITHIUM BRIGHT RED

SODIUM GOLDEN YELLOW

BARIUM APPLE GREEN

POTASSIUM LILAC

Mg NOTHING

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