Animal Testing

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  • Created by: dshothi
  • Created on: 13-03-13 19:31
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Is it Wrong to Test Cosmetics on
Animals but it is OK to Test
Medicines on Animals?
Every year, cosmetics companies kill millions of animals to test their products.
These companies claim they test on animals to establish the safety of their
products and ingredients for consumers. However, the Food and Drug
Administration does not require animal testing for cosmetics, and alternative
testing methods are widely available and lead to more reliable results. Hundreds
of companies ­ including Avon, The Body Shop and Mary Kay ­ already use
humane nonanimal testing methods to ensure the safety of their cosmetics.
Product testing is commonly performed on animals to measure the levels of skin
irritancy, eye tissue damage, and toxicity caused by various substances used in
the manufacture of cosmetics. In the Draize test, caustic substances are placed
in the eyes of conscious rabbits to evaluate damage to sensitive eye tissues.
This is extremely painful for the rabbits, which often scream when the substances
are applied and sometimes break their necks or backs trying to escape the
restraints.
Lethal Dosage tests are used to determine the amount of a substance that will
kill a predetermined ratio of animals. For example, in the LD50 test, subjects are
forced to ingest poisonous substances through stomach tubes, vapour spray
inhalers or injection until half of them die. Common reactions to LD tests include
convulsions, vomiting, paralysis and bleeding from the eyes, nose, mouth or
rectum.
Not only is animal testing inhumane it is inherently inaccurate. For example, LD
tests do not measure human health hazards, but only determine how toxic the
product is to the type of animal it was tested on. Test results cannot be
extrapolated from a mouse to a rat, let alone from a rat to a human. Each
species reacts differently to various substances. Moreover, LD test results can
be affected by the age and sex of the animals tested, their housing and
nutritional conditions and how the compound is administered.
Nonanimal testing methods that are more reliable and less expensive have
been developed. These make use of cell and skin tissue cultures, corneas from
eye banks, and sophisticated computer and mathematical models.
Regulatory agencies don't require animal testing of cosmetics, and the
effectiveness of nonanimal product testing methods has been thoroughly
demonstrated. In 2003, the European Union passed a ban on the use of animals
in cosmetics testing starting in 2009, and a complete sales ban effective in
2013. So why do some American companies still insist on conducting these

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The resistance of industry technicians and researchers trying to protect their jobs
accounts for some of the reason. In addition, corporate legal departments
typically use animal testing as a way to evade liability in the event of a lawsuit.
However, consumers who purchase products from companies that test on
animals are also partly responsible. Compassionate consumers must use their
purchasing power to send a strong message to cosmetics manufacturers
that testing on animals is cruel and unacceptable.…read more

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My opinion is that animals should not be used in experiments. They are sentient
beings that should not be abused, tortured, confined, caged and killed. In
regards to cosmetic testing it's almost ridiculous that some companies still
choose to use animals to test products. There are thousands of cosmetic
products available that do not test on animals or use animal ingredients.…read more

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