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Section A ­ Exercise and Training
Reasons For Taking Part in Activity:
Health

We are very healthconscious today and most of us are aware of the
benefits of regular physical activity
Look and feel good

Maintain good muscle tone and keep body in good shape
Improves selfimage and selfconfidence
Increase…

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Mental
Relieves stress and tension

Reduces blood pressure

Helps us to relax

May help with depression, insomnia and anxiety

Offers us an aesthetic experience

Social
Cooperation

Teamwork

Competition

Friends

Influences

Home
Family
Role models from parents and older siblings

Friends and peers
Often do the same things as friends

Social…

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School
Importance given to PE and sport

PE Lessons
May enjoy new sports which are taught in lessons

PE Staff
Enthusiasm and encouragement of teachers may encourage us to take up a new sport

Health, Fitness, Exercise and Performance
What is Health?

`a state of complete mental, physical and social…

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Able to cope with stress and tensions of everyday life by relaxing and developing leisure
interests

Able to control emotions, bringing stability to our behaviour

Social wellbeing
We need the company of other people in order to develop friendships and good personal
relationships

Improve our selfesteem and feel good about…

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Improved control of emotions

Improved selfesteem and self confidence

Social benefits
Opportunities to meet other and develop friendships

Improved communication skills

Opportunities to develop cooperation and teamwork

What is performance?

`How well a task is completed'
What is Physical Fitness?

`the ability to meet the demands of the environment'
Health…

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400m ­ 800m running

Long distance running

Flexibility:
Ballet

High jump

Hurdles

Body composition: refers to the proportions of lean body mass and
body fat mass
Ballet

Wrestling

High jump

Hammer

Body size: height compared to weight

Body type: a way of describing a person's physique based on muscularity, linearity…

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Big Macs Make Children Fat

Body Fat Can't Make Muscles

Skill Related Fitness

Agility: The ability to change direction accurately and quickly
Hammer

Skiing

Tennis

Football

High jump

Balance: The ability to maintain the equilibrium of the body
Fencing

Ballet

Skiing

Windsurfing

Hammer

CoOrdination: the ability to use 2 or…

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Power: The ability to execute strength performances quickly
Rowing

Sprint start

Hammer

Reaction time: the time required to respond to a given stimulus
Fencing

Sprint start

Tennis

Speed:
Sprint-start

Skiing

400m ­ 800m running

football

A.B.C. Paul Richard Sarah
Powerful Crabs React Badly At Speed
Principles of Training
Methods of…

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Fartlek Training (Swedish word, literally meaning speedplay): training at
different speeds of different terrains

E.g.




Diet, Health and Hygiene


Anatomy and Physiology ­ Section C
Bones
Key words:

Calcium: a mineral vital to healthy growth of bones and teeth, found in
milk, yoghurt, cheese and other dairy products
Cartilage: a…

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Epiphysis: head of the bone
Ossification: the growth and development of bones
Periosteum: tough skinlike membrane surrounding the bone
Skeleton: the bony framework of the body
Cancellous (spongy) bone: a honeycomb like substance, which is hard,
light and very strong.
Vertebrae: the irregular bones which make up the vertebral column…

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