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Monday 27th September 2010

Anatomy and physiology

Lesson two

Calcium is needed for strong bone growth.

The skeleton is the central structure of the body, providing a framework for all soft tissues to attach to.

Long Femur, humerous

Short carpals, tarsal's

Flat cranium, ribs

Irregular ­ vertebrae

Types of joints…

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Types of synovial joints


Flat surfaces can glide over each other providing a little movement in all directions. Examples include
the carpals.


The joint can swing open until it is straight e.g. elbow and knee joint


A ring on one bone fits over the peg of another,…

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The skeleton acts as a mineral reservoir for the important minerals such as calcium and phosphorus,
essential for bone growth and maintenance of bone health.

Types of Movement

Adduction adding to the body

Abduction ­ taking away from the body

Flexion ­ decreasing the angle at a joint

Rotation turning…


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