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0Unit 5: Anatomy and Physiology for Health
and Social Care.

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Aim and purpose
This unit aims to enable learners to understand aspects of the anatomy and
physiology of human body systems. Learners will be able to gain an overview of
the organisation of the human body before looking at how body systems work
together to provide energy for the body.…

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P1 Describe the functions of the main cells components

Cells are the basic units if organisms in which all living things are made. The
appearance of the cells depends of the area it is located at and the functions within the
organism. A cell consists of many components. These are…

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It is represented by the gelatin.

The nucleus is the largest structure within the cell, containing many organelles. It is
usually found in the middle of the cell, but in some plant cells it can be found at the
bottom. The function of the nucleus is very important because it…

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Ribosome small organelles composed of RNArich cytoplasmic granules that are
sites of protein synthesis. They are represented by candy sprinkles.

Rough endoplasmic reticulum (rough ER) a vast system of interconnected,
membranous, infolded and convoluted sacks that are located in the cell's cytoplasm (the
ER is continuous with the outer nuclear…

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P2: outline the structure of the main tissues of the body and their
role in the functioning of two named body systems.

Tissues are groups of similar cells carryout specific functions in thin unit, and it is
also a nonliving material called intercellular matrix, fills the spaces between the

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squamous epithelium (which is more specifically called endothelium when it lines a
blood vessel). The fluidfilled body cavities (or parts of the coelom) are also lined
with simple squamous epithelium, here called mesothelium. This slide is a whole
mount of sheet of mesothelium and does not contain other tissues. However,…

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one another to maintain structural integrity. Although this epithelium is referred to
as squamous, many cells within the layers may not be flattened this is due to the
convention of naming epithelia according to the cell type at the surface. In the
deeper layers, the cells may be columnar or…

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In animals, most of the body's cells are arranged into tissues
The structure of tissues relates to their specific functions
There are four main types of animal tissues: epithelial, connective, muscle,

Epithelial tissue covers the body and lines its organs and cavities
Epithelial tissue: sheets of tightly packed cells…

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Contains a web of fibers embedded in a liquid, jelly, or solid
Loose connective tissue: binding and packing material to hold organs in place
Fibers are mainly loosely woven collagen and elastic
Fibrous connective tissue: tendons and ligaments
Fibers are densely packed bundles of collagen
Adipose tissue: pads and insulates…




this was really good. have u done unit 3

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