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Samuels makes use of the dramatic device of `doubling'.
This is where one actor plays more than one role within a production.
Playwrights use this dramatic device to make a point often political.
The actor playing `The Ratcatcher' also plays:
THE NAZI BORDER OFFICIAL
This character takes both a literal and a metaphorical position within
the dramatic action.
That is, and in terms of character relationships, his role is both
representative and symbolic:
For Eva he is a physical representation and manifestation of
her childhood fears at being sent away from her parents.
The mythical and fictional story of the lost kinder of Hamlyn
is compared to the real-life child refugees who were
separated from their parents during WWII.
The Ratcatcher's music, and his open declaration of evil
intent, especially when linked with the sound effects of
train, are suggestive of the Holocaust…
In the original book, Der Rattanefeger he is described as a `shadow'.
In Samuels' stage directions we are told: `The shadow of the
Therefore, the suggestion is that he should not appear on stage in
person but, rather, that stage lighting be used to create his shadowy
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