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ANALOGY OF THE CAVE:
KNOWLEDGE AND OPINION
For Plato, knowledge gained through the senses (empirical experience) is no more than
opinion. Knowledge gained through philosophical reasoning is certain.
The allegory of the cave makes a contrast between people who see only appearances and
mistake them for the truth, and those…

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light was a waste of time because it spoiled his ability to see clearly. They threaten to kill
anyone who attempts to set them free ­ they are afraid of philosophical enlightenment.

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