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The American West-1865-95

The Plains:
-Flat
-Lack of Water and Trees
-Extreme Weather

Tipi:
-Crucial to survival of the Indians
-Made of Buffalo Skin and held together with pegs
-Owned by the women in the tribe (even after divorce)
-Took 10 minutes to take down
-Had flaps which open up…

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elected
-Important decisions were made in council meetings, the men smoked to inform spirits of their
decisions
-Warrior Societies organised hunts, travelling and protection for bands

The Buffalo:
-Crucial for Indians survival
-Indians performed The Buffalo Dance before hunting Buffalo, they believed this would make the
buffalo come closer
-Indians…

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-Dances and ceremonies used to contact spirits and to pray
-The Sun Dance was used to determine is a man was warrior material

The Medicine Man:
-Used the power of the spirits to cure the sick
-Used herbal remedies too
-Made charms
-Were a part of every tribal decision
-Plains…

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-Barb wire protected crops
-Advanced machinery allowed more land to be ploughed
-Sod Busters could plough through dense grass roots

Female Homesteaders:
-Had many responsibilities
-Cooked
-Planted crops
-Collected cattle chips
-Taught and brought up children
-Protected crops from cattle
-Made soap, candles and clothes
-Killed snakes

The Cattle Industry:…

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-The Railroads could carry cattle (refrigerated rail cars)
-Experimental breeding made Texas Longhorn better meat

Open Range Ranching:
-Was problematic because of cattle theft and it was hard to find out who owned which cattle
-Ended in the winter of 1886-87 because the winter was severe and killed thousands of…

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Ex-soldiers turned to robbery after the American
Bank Robbery
Civil War.
Young Cattle were often stolen before branding
and brands could also be altered. Sometimes
Cattle Rustling
cowboys would steal cattle and start their own
ranch.
Cattle Barons would fence off large amounts of
Fence Cutting land so homesteaders and…

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compromise), others believed in extermination (wiping out the Indians completely)
-The Sioux fount with the Americans often because the US Government would break the peace
treaties and homesteaders would move in on Indian land, so naturally the Indians fought them
which resulted in the Army being brought in, bloodshed and…

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not inform the columns of his situation. He wanted the glory of beating Crazy Horse and the
Indians himself.


9.Upon entering the village Custer split the 7th Cavalry into 3 smaller units. He kept a unit of 215 to
himself.
10. The word of Custers attack spread quickly throughout the…

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Christian missionaries took over.
-Indians children were forced into English education further destroying
their loyalties and roots to the Indian culture.




The Ghost Dance Movement (1889)
1.Indians suffered a great misery on the reservations.
2.Holy man Wovoka saw a vision than an Indian Messiah would come get rid of the…

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