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  • Created on: 15-06-10 15:19
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Answers to 2 mark questions
What was a Hooverville? A Hooverville was the popular name for shanty towns built by millions of homeless
people during the Great Depression. They were named after the President of the United States at the
time, Herbert Hoover, because he allegedly let the nation slide into depression.
What were the Alphabet Agencies? A series of measures set up as part of Roosevelt's `New Deal' to help
reverse the `Spiral of Depression'. The main aim was to pump money back into the economy by giving the
unemployed jobs. However, not everyone within the Democratic Party agreed exactly how this should be
What was the TVA? The Tennessee Valley Authority was created as a federal corporation as part of the
first New Deal, aimed to provide aid to the poverty-stricken Tennessee Valley by providing cheap electric
and building dams, whilst at the same time creating desperately needed jobs for thousands of workers.
What was the Wall Street Crash? A famous event in 1929 when the value of shares on the Wall Street
stock exchange in New York fell so low that many people lost all their money. This event led to the
Depression of the 1930s, dramatically ended the `Roaring Twenties'.
What was Segregation?
The cornerstone of a policy of discrimination, based solely on racial prejudice, which ensured that black
people (and others, such as Jews) had the poorest standards of living, education, lowest paid jobs and
could not eat in the same restaurants or receive the same treatment as white people.
What was lynching? Punishing black people without legal process or authority, especially by hanging,
often for a very minor offence (execution by a mob)and just because they were black, sometimes as a
means of maintaining white supremacy.
What was the NAACP? The National Association for the advancement of coloured people which opposed
racism and segregation by means of legal action and public enquiries, it was a non-violent organisation. It
encouraged black people to vote and fought against lynching.
What was McCarthyism? A heightened fear of communism in the 1950's, when many thousands of
Americans were accused of being communists and became the subject of aggressive investigations, they
faced loss of employment, destruction of their careers, and even imprisonment, instigated by Senator
Joseph McCarthy.
What were Jim Crow Laws? Laws that mandated de jure racial segregation in all public facilities, with a
supposedly "separate but equal" status for black Americans. In reality, this led to treatment and
accommodations that were usually inferior to those provided for white Americans, systematizing a
number of economic, educational and social disadvantages.
***de jure ­ concerning law***
***de facto ­ in practice, but not necessarily ordained by law***


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