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Theories of human behaviour:

Perspective Key points /outline Application ­ use by practitioners Criticisms/ problems
& Theorist
Psychodynamic 5 stages childhood - Early experiences first Practitioners need to recognise that ­ Unscientific- lack of evidence
4 years greatly influence personality Older persons so cant be proved
development Oral, anal, phallic,latency,…

Page 2

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Theories of human behaviour:

Biological Related to the nature side of the Nature Vs. Older persons Only considers biological
Nurture debate.
Personality is determined by Genes. ­ A resident with an aggressive nature should explanations for behaviour and
Eysenck Trait theory ­ individuals can be placed at a point be…

Page 3

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Theories of human behaviour:

Deficit Needs: ­ Love and Belonging: allowing frequent visiting
time = sense of family and love, group clubs (i.e. Circumstances cause levels of
gardening) = belonging hierarchy to change order e.g.
Physical Needs: food, warmth, shelter,
­ Self-esteem: allow individual to feel pride in natural disaster…

Page 4

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Theories of human behaviour:

they actually learn much better
Accommodation: where the child has to fit ­ Encourage the child to join in and try new in groups
new knowledge into existing schemas (new
type of bird into bird schema)
experiences e.g. sensory activities with sand,
water and play dough…

Page 5

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Theories of human behaviour:

Negative Reinforcement ­ making sure e.g. not being allowed on days out for a set Over-reliance of rewards can
that the child is aware of what the amount of time create a token economy where
consequences of a particular undesired people will only do things if…

Page 6

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Theories of human behaviour:

Role Models are significant people ­ If a child is praised for tidying up the
whose behaviour will be imitated e.g. classroom, the other children are more likely Suggests that children only
peers, teachers, parents, celebrities. to imitate this behaviour to also be praised. copy what…


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