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Reactions of alcohols with hydrogen halides
ROH + HX RX + H20
X= halide
The Lucas test is able to distinguish between primary, secondary and tertiary
alcohols based on the relative stabilities of the carbocations.
The alcohol is treated with an anhydrous zinc chloride catalyst in concentrated
hydrochloric acid.
Tertiary alcohols react to form a chloride compound. Which is insoluble and the
solution will turn instantly cloudy.…read more

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