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To interpretation are found within the Act itself. Jusge may use other parts of
the Act to understand the meaning of the word or phrase in question

Long and or/short title of the Act
The long title of the Abortion Act 1967 is "An Act…

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Punctuation is now recognised to have an effect on the meaning of
words and can be taken into account in determining the meaning of
statutory provisions
Hanlon v The Law Society (1981):"Why should not literate people,
such as judges, look at the punctuation in order to interpret the
meaning of…

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Dictionaries can be used to find the literal meaning
Vaughan v Vaughan (1973), interpret the word "molest". Judges consulted
the dictionary which defined "molest" as to "cause trouble, vex, annoy, or
put to inconvenience" held that the Ds behaviour did amount to molestation

Previous Acts may be referred to

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Dictionaries are clearly useful aid when using literal
interpretation but not always helpful when using another
approach. Unexpected or absurd outcomes
Referring to Other Acts particularly to older Acts can
be useful when determining the precise mischief at which
the new Act is aimed
Interpretation Act is useful for interpreting…

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General rules words follow particular words, the general words are
interpreted to be of the same kind as the particular words
e.g. in the phrase "dogs, cats and other animals", the particular words
"dogs" and "cats", the general words are "other animals".
Under this rule the general…

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Expressio Unius Est Exclusion Alterius
Translated "the expression of one thing implies the exclusion of another,
where particular words are used and these are not followed by general words,
the Act applied only to the instances specified (the particular words)
e.g. Inhabitants of Sedgley (1837) rates were charged on "land…


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