Slides in this set
What is atheism?
Atheism comes from two Greek words `a' meaning without and
`theos' meaning God. It is separated into two forms:
1. Negative atheism: also known as weak atheism. This is a
lack of belief in God/gods but without a positive denial of
God's existence. A negative atheist may be someone who
has never even considered the possibility of God e.g. a small
child. Alternatively someone may have come to the
conclusion that a belief in God can't be justified e.g. Satre.
2. Positive atheism: also known as strong atheism. Makes a
definitive metaphysical claim that God does not exist.
Positive atheism must be conscious and a positive atheist
must have reasons for why they believe God does not exist.
Two examples of positive atheists include Richard Dawkins
and Epicurus.…read more
What is agnosticism?
Agnosticism derives from the Greek words `without knowledge'.
Agnostics neither believe nor disbelieve in God. Someone could
be agnostic for many different reasons for example:
· They are suspending judgment one way or another until there
is sufficient data e.g. the psychologist Jung
· The arguments for and against the existence of God seem
equally convincing and probable so there is no point coming
down on one side or the other
· They may believe it is simply not possible for us to ever know if
there is or isn't a God e.g. David Hume. Hume is an empiricist
who believes we can only gain knowledge through the 5
senses and so knowledge of God, or a lack of God, is not