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UNIT 3 ­ TOPICS IN PSYCHOLOGY

SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY
KEY WORDS
- Role Models: someone who you look up to.
- Observe: watching someone carefully and attentively.
- Vicarious reinforcement: learning through consequences and observing others being reinforced for the behaviour.
- Mental representation: creating a mental image in the…

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UNIT 3 ­ TOPICS IN PSYCHOLOGY

- Anonymity: identity is hidden such as face or name
- Reduced public self-awareness: they stop worrying about the consequences of the behaviour and the judgement about
others.
- Loss of inhibitions: moral norms or thoughts that stop/inhibit the individual from behaving in anti-social…

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UNIT 3 ­ TOPICS IN PSYCHOLOGY

- Institutional aggression: violet behaviour that exists within some institution and groups. Also that it is able to from collective
violence between social groups.
- The atrocities that were committed by American soldiers at the Abu Ghraib detention centre and by British soldiers in…

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UNIT 3 ­ TOPICS IN PSYCHOLOGY

and mass killings.
ADDITIONAL SUPPORT
- There is historical evidence for the power of dehumanisation to influence mass violence against specific groups in society.
For e.g. the actions of Nazi's against Jews during the Holocaust, where Nazi propaganda referred to Jews as the `Jewish…

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UNIT 3 ­ TOPICS IN PSYCHOLOGY

fairly inconclusive.
- Another problem is that there is research by COUPPIS & KENEDY who found that dopamine is NOT the cause of aggression
but the consequence of it. He studied mice and found that they would only commit aggressive acts in order for…

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UNIT 3 ­ TOPICS IN PSYCHOLOGY

variants in aggression can be explained in terms of genetic factors.
- Adoption studies can help to entangle the relative contributions of environment and heredity in aggression. If a positive
correlation is found between an adopted child's aggressive behaviour and that of a biological…

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UNIT 3 ­ TOPICS IN PSYCHOLOGY

environment, then it could be that they have a concordance for aggression due to something they have learnt through nurture,
rather than because of their identical genes. SO: It cannot be concluded the evidence from the twin study fully supports
genetic explanations for aggression.…

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UNIT 3 ­ TOPICS IN PSYCHOLOGY

her, preventing cuckoldry and infidelity.
- Lalumeire found that some men will carry out partner rape when the risk of cuckoldry is high. This implies that males
behaviour is adaptive because he try to put off his partner from cheating him for other males…

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UNIT 3 ­ TOPICS IN PSYCHOLOGY

enabled our ancestors to avoid attack, ad so leave behind more offspring. It is evolutionary advantageous to be wary of
something which is not known to us ad to display aggressions when faced with something which could potentially be a treat
to our survival…

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