Age on EWT - Yarmey Memon & Anastsi& Rhodes

brief outline of studies of the effects of age on the accuracy of eyewitness recall. main studies are Yarmey, Memon and Anastasi & Rhodes

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  • Created on: 20-05-12 14:53
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INVESTIGATOR:
Yarmey (1993)
AIM:
To see if age differences affect the accuracy of recall.
METHOD:
Did a field experiment. Stopped 651 adults in public places and asked them to identify a woman that
they had briefly spoken to previously.
RESULTS:
Although young and middle aged adults were more confident in their recall than the older adults.
There were no differences in the recall abilities of older, middle aged and younger people.
CONCLUSIONS:
Age difference doesn't affect the accuracy of recall.
HOWEVER,
INVESTIGATOR:
Memon et al (2003)
AIM:
To see if delay affected the recall of older people and younger people
METHOD:
Studied the accuracy of young and older eyewitnesses.
RESULTS:
When delay between and incident and its identification were short, there was no difference in accuracy
of the age groups.
When identification task was delayed by 1 week, older witnesses were less accurate.
The younger people could recall more than the older.
CONCLUSIONS:
Delay in time can affect older people's accuracy of recall.

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INVESTIGATOR:
Anatasi & Rhodes (2006)
AIM:
To see whether age affects accuracy of recall
METHOD:
Used individuals from 3 age groups
Showed them 24 photos which they had to rate for attractiveness
They were then presented with 48 photos 24 which were the ones they previously rated for
attractiveness and 24 that acted as `distractors'
RESULTS:
Correct recognition rates showed that young & middle aged participants were more accurate than older
participants.…read more

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