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Virgil and the world of a Hero
Glossary of Themes:
Honour and Reputation
Role of the Gods
The Power of Fate
Aeneas' Role in Rome's Imperial Destiny
Moral Values
Propaganda/Augustan Reign
Greek Heroic code:
Kleos ­ `Glory'
Time ­ `honour'
Menos ­ `might'
Thumos ­ `enthusiasm for battle'
Charma ­ `joy on the battlefield'
Aidos ­ `shame'
Geras ­ `wealth'
Xenia ­ `guest host relationship'
Aristrea ­ `killing spree'
Kalos Thanatos ­ `Beautiful death'
Hubris ­ `Pride'
Roman Heroic code:
Pietas ­…read more

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The Aeneid
Book Quote Theme?
Book 1 `So heavy was the cost of founding the roman Pietas
Book 1 `How can there be so much anger in the Gods
hearts of the heavenly gods'
Book 1 `A great pounding they took by land and sea Pietas, Gods
at the hands of the heavenly gods'
Book 1 `a man so famous for his piety' Pietas, Fama
Book 1 `Dutiful Aeneas' Pietas
Book 1 `On them I impose no limit of time or place...…read more

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Book 7 `They made no delay, but hastened to do as Leadership, Not Ratia
they were bidden, whilst Aeneas himself was
marking out the lines of his walls'
Book 7 `The fearsome goddess flew down to earth Gods
and roused Allecto, bringer of grief, from the
eternal darkness'
Book 7 `With these words she threw a burning torch Gods
at the warrior and lodged it in his heart'
Book 7 `Seething with womanly anger' Ira, women, gods
Book 7 `Criminal madness of war' War
Book…read more

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Book 12 `Troy has fallen. Let it lie, Troy and the name Gods, Fate, Nationalism, Future
of Troy.' of Rome
Book 12 `He had no sense of running or going, of Aidos, War, Inferiority, Fate
lifting or moving the huge rock. His knees
gave way.'
Book 12 `Turnus began to move him, when suddenly Furor, Aristea,
his eyes caught the fatal baldric of... Pallas'
Book 12 `Burning with mad passion... he plunged the Ira, Furor, No Ratia, Kleos
steel full into his enemy's breast.…read more

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Thinking of his own father Aeneas returns home to get his family out as quickly as he could, at
first Anchises says no but when he sees the omen of Iulus' hair on fire he agrees to leave and
they head out.
As they are leaving the city, Creusa disappears into the crowds. Aeneas returns to try and
find her but he is greeted by her ghost.…read more

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Aeneas lands in Latium and sends his men off to speak to the king about joining their peoples
together; in the meantime Aeneas is building his city walls pre-emptively. King Latinus is
welcoming of the new visitors as there have been omens of a foreigner coming to marry his
daughter and rule the lands.
Juno sees that Aenes is at last in Latium and in anger raises the fury Allecto to try and prevent
the transition of Aeneas into Latium.…read more

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Book 12: Truce and Duel
The book starts with Latinus warning Turnus not to fight as he is fated not to win but he
decides to go and fight anyway but that they should fight in a duel rather than loose the lives
of anyone else.
The treaty is made and the two are about to duel, when Juno goes to Turnus' nymph sister
Jaturna to give Turnus some final help.…read more

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The Iliad
Book Quote Themes?
Book 6 `You are the best at both Leadership
fighting and planning'
Book 6 `Spurring them to right and War
rousing their spirit for grim
Book 6 `Always to be bravest and Greek Heroism, Kleos, Aidos
best... and not bring disgrace
on the stock of my fathers'
Book 6 `The generation of men is just Family, Kleos
like that of leaves. The wind
scatters one year's
leaves...but the forest puts
out others.…read more

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Book 18 `It will be your disgrace if he Underworld, Death, War, Kalos
goes down to the dead Thanatos
Book 18 `Such is the violence of his War, Aristea, Violentia
Book 18 `Placing his murderous hands War, Simile
on the breast of his companion
and moaning incessantly, like
some great bearded lion
whose cubs have been stolen
from the thick wood.'
Book 18 `first he began to make a huge Gods
and massive shield, decorating
it all over...…read more


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