Adolf Hitler and the Nazis rise to power in 1933

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Steps to Power
The NSDAP and its policies
The NSDAP (National Socialist German Worker's Party) was the political party which was later lead by
Hitler and renamed the Nazi party. It believed that the Social Democratic government was a Communist
government, ad being anti-communist, one of the policies of the NSDAP was to destroy Marxism.
The NSADP wanted to educate gifted children at the state's expense; create a strong central
government and remove all Jews from positions of leadership in Germany, due to the belief that Jews
were communists.
The SA (Sturm-Abteilung or Storm Troopers) was the private army for the NSDAP. They were mostly
young men and were known as the Brown-Shirts. The SA was formed to protect speakers at the Nazi
meetings, and were allowed to use violence on communist demonstrators.
Hitler believed that Germany needed to conquer Lebensraum (Living Space) as he could not physically
expand Germany but could spread to other countries and create a new German Empire.

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The NSDAP wanted to subjugate those of other races and countries as they were very nationalist and
therefore believed that Germany was the greatest country, and people from Slav countries such as
Russia and Poland should be slaves for Germany, and Germany and Austria should be united.
Nazi Tactics
After the failure of the Munich Putsch, Hitler was convinced that the only way he could get power was by
legal means.…read more

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In order for his government to survive, the Chancellor fell back on Article 48 of the Weimar Constitution
which gave the president special powers in an emergency. Germany was now ruled by a Presidential
decree and the President himself was an 84 year old war hero who was said to have been controlled by
business and army leaders.
Political violence increased and this lead to a 7 week long political fighting election in 1932. Some town
halls were even bombed by farmers.…read more

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March 1932
Presidential elections- Hitler challenges Hindenburg who wins with 19.4 million votes. Hitler's
political position strengthened by winning 13.4 million votes.
May 1932
Von Papen becomes Chancellor
July 1932
Reichstag elections- Nazis become largest party with 230 seats, but have no overall majority.
Hindenburg refuses to appoint Hitler as Chancellor.
November 1932
Reichstag elections- Nazis lose 34 seats but remain largest party with 196 seats.
Von Schleicher becomes Chancellor
January 1933
Hitler becomes Chancellor
February 1933
Start of the Nazi terror.…read more

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Chancellor Von Papen
A Nationalist with little support in the Reichstag
Depends on government by decree.
Fails to increase his Reichstag support in two elections.
Is removed when Von Schleicher warns Hindenburg that there will be Nazi and Communist
uprising if he continues in office.
Chancellor Von Schleicher
Fails to gain Reichstag support
Resigns when Hindenburg refuses his request for government by decree
Chancellor Hitler
Agrees to lead a cabinet of mainly Nationalist ministers.
Calls for an election to strengthen his position.…read more


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