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Additional Glossary of A2 Christian Terminology
AdoptionismThe heretical view that Jesus was adopted as `Son of God' at some
point during his ministry (usually his baptism), as opposed to the Orthodox teaching
that Jesus was Son of God by nature from the moment of conception.
AnthropomorphismThe tendency to ascribe human features or other human
characteristics to God.
ApophaticA term used to refer to a particular style of theology, which stressed
that God cannot be known in terms of human categories.
AtonementAn English term coined by William Tyndale to translate the Latin term
`reconciliatio' which has since come to the meaning of `the work of Christ' or `the
benefits of Christ gained for believers by his death and resurrection.
CatholicRefers to the universality of the church in space and time but also can be
applied to a particular church body (the Roman Catholic Church). (See WJEC glossary
for extra detail).
Charisma/CharismaticUsually associated with the gifts of the Holy Spirit. Since
the 20th Century, the term `charismatic' has come to refer to styles of theology and
worship which place particular emphasis upon the presence and experience of the Holy
ChristologySection of Christian theology which deals with the identity of Jesus
Christ, particularly relating to the question of his human and divine natures (See
WJEC glossary for extra details).
CreedA formal definition or summary of the Christian faith, held in common by all
Christians. The most important are those generally known as the Apostles' Creed
and the Nicene Creed.
DeismA tern used to refer to the views of a group of English writers during the 17th
Century, the rationalism of which anticipated many of the ideas of the Enlightenment.
The term is often used to refer to a view of God which recognised the divine
creatorship, yet rejects the notion of a continuing divine involvement with the world.
DocetismAn early Christological heresy which treated Jesus Christ as a purely divine
being who only had the `appearance' of being human.
EcclesiologySection of Christian theology dealing with the theory of the church.
EnlightenmentA term used since the 19th century to refer to the emphasis upon
human reason and autonomy, characteristic of much of western European and North
American thought during the 18/19th Century.
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EschatologyThe section of Christian theology dealing with the `end things',
especially the ideas of resurrection, hell and eternal life.
EucharistThe term used in the present volume to refer to the sacrament variously
known as `the mass', `the Lord's Supper' and `holy communion'.
FeminismA movement in western theology since the 1960s which lays particular
emphasis upon the importance of `women's experience' and has directed criticism
against the patriarchalism of Christianity.…read more
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PentecostThe feast which celebrates the coming of the Holy Spirit on the Day of
PraxisA Greek term, literally meaning the `action', adopted by Karl Marx to
emphasise the importance of action in relation to thinking. This emphasis on `praxis'
has had considerable impact within Latin American liberation theology.
SacramentIn purely historical terms, a sacrament is a church rite which was held
to have been instituted by Jesus Christ himself.…read more