Acid Revision

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Aci
ds
When i
s wat
er,
acids
dissoci
ate
to
give
H +
I
ons.
I
t
is
these
that
make
them aci
dic.
e.
g.
H Cl
(aq
)[RR]
H +
(
aq
)+
C l
(aq)
Aci
ds have
PH's
bel
ow 7.
Al
kal
i'
s al
so
dissoci
ate i
n wat
er
and
it
's
t
he OH
ion
(hydr
oxi
de
ion)
whi
ch makes
it
al
kali
.
e.
g.
N aOH(
aq
)[RR]
N a+
(
aq)
+
O H
(aq
)
So when
neutr
ali
zation
occur
s H+
+
O H
H2O a
neut
ral
subst
ance
is
ma de.
Ther
e ar
e 4
w ays
to
neut
ral
iz
e
an
aci
d:
1. Aci
d +
Alkal
i S al
t
+ Wa t
er
2. Aci
d +
Ba se S al
t
+ Wa t
er
3. Aci
d +
Me t
a l
Sal
t
+
Hydro g en
4. Aci
d +
C ar
bo nat
e Salt
+
Wa t
e r
+ CO2
A
base
is
a met
al
oxi
de.
An
alkal
i
is
a s
o l
ubl
e base.
To
name
the
sal
t
produce,
you
look
at
the
aci
d used.
e.
g.
1. HC l
Chl
ori
de
2. H2SO 4 Sul
fat
e
3. HN O3 Nit
rat
e
Thi
s gi
ves
th e
endi
ng
of
the
sal
t
name The
begi
nni
ng
is
the
met
al
t
hat
is
used.

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