absolutely everything on britain 1900s

literaly everything you need to know on this topic :) ta ddaaaaa

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Page 1

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What was Britain like in 1906?
What did British people think about Britain?
1. They thought Britain and its empire was the most powerful country in the world.
a. ¼ of all the people in the world were ruled by Britain.
b. Owning an empire was good and expanding the…

Page 2

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2. They earnt £78 a year or £1.50 a week.
a. Women earned much less.
3. Rowntree found out that in York, 40% of people earned less than this so they were living in poverty.
We say they lived below the poverty line.
4. They had to spend most of…

Page 3

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3. In an election the person who wins the most number of votes in a constituency becomes MP.
4. The party with the most MPs becomes the government.

Who were the main parties in 1900?
The Conservative Party and the Liberal Party were the main parties. There was also a…

Page 4

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What were the Victorian Attitudes to being poor?
The Victorian attitude to being poor was that people were poor because it was their own fault: they were
lazy, did not want to work and the poor spent all their money on gambling and drink.

They brought in a law called…

Page 5

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b. Class B. Casual earnings. People who worked when they could get a job. 11.25%
c. Class C. Occasional earnings. People who were paid less or lost their job when the economy
was bad. 8%.
d. Class D. Low Wages. 14.5%.
4. He discovered 85% of the poor had low…

Page 6

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To get elected
1. The Conservative Party had already made the Unemployed Workmen's Act 1905 to help people
who were unemployed.
2. This would probably get them lots of votes from the working class.
3. If the Liberals wanted to get elected then they would have to help people more…

Page 7

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What did the Liberals do to help the poor?
Helping children
1. Local Councils could give poor children free school meals from 1906.
a. 1914, 14 million free schools meals were eaten.
b. This law was not compulsory.
c. Only half of all councils set up a school meals service…

Page 8

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a. You paid a sum of money called a premium to these regularly.
b. In return, they gave you insurance.
c. Not everyone could afford to pay these premiums though.
2. The government made the National Insurance Act 1911. This dealt with Sick Pay and
Unemployment Benefit. These were compulsory…

Page 9

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b. Women had more job opportunities. Many worked as teachers, shop workers, secretaries
c. All women went to school and it was becoming more common for middle class women to go
onto university.
d. Women gained more control over their lives. E.g. the Married Woman's Property Act said

Page 10

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a. Eva Gore-Booth persuaded 67,000 textile workers in the north of England to send a petition
to parliament 1901-2.

What methods did the Suffragists use?
1. They believed in peaceful methods. They:
a. Tried to persuade MPs to give them the vote.
b. Gave out leaflets.
c. Organised petitions.


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