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The issues of infertility and the
right of a child
There is a belief that children are gifts from God. Some
people will argue that infertility is a punishment for sin
imposed by God and that the treatment of infertility is
morally wrong because it goes against God's will.
The opposing view states that in order to determine God's
will, fertility treatments must first be tried. If God truly
does not want a couple to have children, he will simply
prevent the treatments from working.
Some ethicists will state that no one has the right to have a
child.Having a child requires the cooperation of two
people and one person does not have the right to take from
another what is needed to produce a child. Even a
married couple doesn't have right to a child since a child
is a person and no person(s) have a right to another
If this is true, if a couple has no right to a child, then it can
be argued that a doctor lacks the moral justification to
help produce one for them. While it may be moral to treat
a disease that hinders the body from producing a child,
such as surgery to open blocked fallopian tubes, it would
be morally unacceptable to use those treatments that aim
to produce a child but still leaves a couple infertile. IVF (In
vitro Fertilization) would fall into this latter category.
Treatments such as IVF, therefore, would not be treating a
disease, but rather be treating the condition of
Whether a couple has the "right" to a child or not, the
"desire" for children is strongly imbedded in the human
psyche. Many physicians feel, therefore, that there is
nothing morally problematic about fulfilling this desire as
long as both partners are willing.…read more

Slide 3

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The status of the embryo
Some embryos do not survive until the fetal stage,
which begins about two months after fertilization
(10 weeks LMP). Embryos may be miscarried, or
aborted purposely.
Studies using very sensitive early pregnancy tests
have found that 25% of embryos are miscarried by
the sixth week LMP (since the woman's Last
Menstrual Period), even if a woman
does not realize it.Miscarriages after the sixth week
LMP happen in 8% of pregnancies. The risk of
miscarriage is "virtually complete by the end of the
embryonic period," with a miscarriage rate of only
two percent after 8.5 weeks LMP.
The most common cause of miscarriage of an
embryo is chromosomal abnormality, which
accounts for at least 50% of sampled early pregnancy
losses. Advancing maternal age and a patient
This is a sponanous abortion at 6weeks.
history of previous miscarriage are the two leading
risk factors.
Some may argue that abortion is wrong because the
embryo has already developed into life. Although
this is not certain.…read more


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