Abnormality Revision Cards

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  • Created on: 13-06-12 18:49
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Statistical Infrequency
Behaviour can be statistically abnormal, but desirable, e.g.- high IQ
A trait, way of thinking or behaviour can be classified as abnormality if it is rare or
statistically unusual; But how rare is rare?
How can we quantify `infrequency'?
-Average IQ in the position of 100 points
Abnormality -A very small subsequent of population (22%) have an
IQ below 70 pts. Such people are statistically rare. We
regard them as having abnormally low IQ.
Depression is not rare, but -also notfrom
-not everything is equally distributed
a normal behaviour
100 you look, the fewer people you find
-even manic depressant isn't always sad= can't measure happiness
-Frequent yet abnormal behaviour
Deviation from Social Norms Failure to Function Adequately
Abnormal behaviour violates (unwritten) social rules about what is expected Abnormal is not being able to cope with the demands of everyday life
on acceptable behaviour in a particular social group e.g. not being able to hold down a job, interact meaningfully with others + making
It is incomprehensible to others yourself understood
Might make people feel threatened or uncomfortable Rosenhaan + Seligman (1989):
- Suffering
Need to think about: - Maladaptive
- The degree to which a norm is violated - Unpredictability
- The importance of that norm - Irrationality
- Is the violation rude, abnormal or criminal? - Cause observer discomfort
- Who decides this?? - Violates moral/social standards
- Different cultures Problems:
- Society changes- Homosexuality was a mental illness/unmarried How long do you have to have been like this?
mothers How many problems can you have?
- Culture bias Mental illness doesn't always = failure to function
- Difficult to apply without own opinions having an effect on the Culture
outcome Time
Don't we all fail to function sometimes?

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Deviation from Ideal Mental Health What causes Psychopathology?
Behaviour that deviated from what we define as normal/ideal is seen as -Approaches, paradigms, perspectives = ways of explaining
This requires us to decide on the characteristics we consider necessary to
mental health:
- Positive view on self Genetics
- Capability for growth + development Trauma : Accidents, loss/grief, change in natural
- Independence environment
- Accurate perception of reality Stress
- Positive friendships + relationships
- Able to meet the demands of day-day…read more

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Behavioural Approach: Bandura: (1986)
Social Learning Theory:
Classical Conditioning: Learning occurs Little Albert: Mineta et al (1984)
through association. Process applies to emotional (use lightly) ­
produced -Further developed -found that monkeys could develop snake phobia simply by watching another
learning as well as behaviour.
-phobias assume that the feared object was fears due to conditioning theory.…read more

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Ellis (1962) Biological Approach: Barr et al (1990) found that there was an
Developed Rational Behavioural Therapy using ABC model. REBT help people `cure' increased cases of schizophrenia in children
themselves.- Elegant way to become less disturbed & anxious/ Maintain it over long period Mental disorders are illnesses with a
whose mothers had flu during pregnancy.
of time.…read more

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Systematic Desensitisation Evaluation: Psychoanalysis:
Effectiveness: + Good for phobias &
Transference: Client FREUD
-can only be effective in the treatment of phobias projects characteristics Free
-Case studies alone not considered efficient evidence for effectiveness of a unconsciously associated
Eysnk (52) Waste Association-
+ Bergin with patients. Directed
therapy.…read more

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