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Statistical Infrequency
Behaviour can be statistically abnormal, but desirable, e.g.- high IQ
A trait, way of thinking or behaviour can be classified as abnormality if it is rare or
statistically unusual; But how rare is rare?
How can we quantify `infrequency'?
-Average IQ in the position of 100 points


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Deviation from Ideal Mental Health What causes Psychopathology?
Behaviour that deviated from what we define as normal/ideal is seen as -Approaches, paradigms, perspectives = ways of explaining
This requires us to decide on the characteristics we consider necessary to
mental health:
- Positive view on self Genetics

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Behavioural Approach: Bandura: (1986)
Social Learning Theory:
Classical Conditioning: Learning occurs Little Albert: Mineta et al (1984)
through association. Process applies to emotional (use lightly) ­
produced -Further developed -found that monkeys could develop snake phobia simply by watching another
learning as well as behaviour.
-phobias assume that the feared…

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Ellis (1962) Biological Approach: Barr et al (1990) found that there was an
Developed Rational Behavioural Therapy using ABC model. REBT help people `cure' increased cases of schizophrenia in children
themselves.- Elegant way to become less disturbed & anxious/ Maintain it over long period Mental disorders are illnesses with a…

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Systematic Desensitisation Evaluation: Psychoanalysis:
Effectiveness: + Good for phobias &
Transference: Client FREUD
-can only be effective in the treatment of phobias projects characteristics Free
-Case studies alone not considered efficient evidence for effectiveness of a unconsciously associated
Eysnk (52) Waste Association-
+ Bergin with patients. Directed
therapy. Evidence…

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