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Functionalism Post Modernism
Everything in society has a function, much like H
There is never one
the human body as explained by Durkhiems dominant type of
organismic analogy. Say that socialisation is key family, choice is good
­parsons. Two views on the functions the family and there is a wide
has Murdocks 4 and parsons 2. HOWEVER ­ too range.
positive, doesn't state why conflict occurs and HOWEVER ­ some
over emphasises socialisation. may experience a few
setups and there isn't
that much of a choice
Marxism
Proletariat Vs
Theories
Bourgeoisie . Society
is designed by the
Summery The New Right
Nuclear ideal and
capitalists to maintain single mothers are
the false bad as they encourage
consciousness Feminism social problems.
HOWEVER ­ too Women unequal in our society because HOWEVER ­ this is a
negative, focuses on of laws, patricharchy and capitalism. narrow view of the
the economy, ignores HOWEVER ­ seen as too passive, other family and they blame
alternatives and over relationships unrecognised as are and punish different
emphasises black women and they also ignore joint setups
brainwashing conjugal roles *…read more

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Marriage and divorce Sociologist
/Facts Summery
· 40% of marriages will end in divorce Marriage
· 1993 ­ 180,000 divorces ­ peak Lowest since 1920
· Ideology of Romantic Love 2005 ­ less than half than in 1970
- mr / mrs Right, not economic reasons, love goes 2005 - 4 in 10 remarriages
divorce follows
Mens average ­ 32. Womens average ­ 30
· Ideology of Allan & Crow
· Love commitment and satisfaction cornerstones 35% in 2005 in church
· Feminism ­ women who file, oppressed in
marriage. COHABITATION
· Functionalism ­ FLETCHER ­ high expectations. No ·SHELTON ­ cohabiting women do less
longer tolerate. They don't reject marriage, they
just want a good one. housework
· Family law act (1994) ·CHESTER ­ 75% say they expect to marry.
· Legal Aid (1949) SAME SEX
· Equalisation of divorce 1923 ·WEEKS ­ find security and stabilisation in
· Widening Grounds for divorce `chosen families'
· 2001 ­ census - 43% of atheists are cohabiting ·WESTERN ­ Quasi-marriage based on
opposed to 34% of Christians
· Mitchell and Goody ­ The change since the 1960's - stability.
`normalised' SINGLE PERSON & LATS
· 70% in paid work. ·LATs ­ DUNCAN AND PHILIPS
· Equal pay act ­ 1970 ·Cannot afford marriage, no longer abnormal.
· Sex discrimination act ­ 1975 LATs
· Alan & Crow ­ welfare benefits have helped.
·STEIN ­ creative singlehood ­ *
·2008 ­ 1 in 10 DUNCAN&PHILIPS…read more

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Family Diversity Sociologist /Facts
Extended
Summery H ·
·
CHARLES Extinct with the exception of Bangladeshi
BELL Working class ­ modified extended for Domestic
support
· BELL Middle Class modified extended for financial support
Rapaport & Rapaport ­
E.g. SOUTH ASIAN
-Generational, Organizational, Social Class, Life Chance, Cultural,
CHARLES ­ extended would be extinct if it
Regional
wasn't for south Asian migration
Lone Parent Families
ROGER BALLARD ­ Migrating families in the
· 24% of all families, 1 in 4 children live in, 90% female headed 50's and 60's relied on family ties for support
· 2 x more likely to be in poverty Cohabitation
· Duncan + Rogers ­ less than a third born into this, stay in it · Over 2 million couples
· 15%, stopped being on within a year ­ British household
panel survey
Functionalism - functions, nuclear best
· CASHMORE ­ Working class women on benefits, often after
­ Parsons ­ Functional fit
abuse
­ Socialization and stabilization
e.g. AFRO CARIBEAN
­ others abnormal.
-2002 ­ Half a million families with children
headed by a black person where LONE PARENTS New Right - Oppose diversity
-MIRZA ­ Lone parenthood due to female ­ Diversity = Social problems, crime and education
independence. failure
-REYNOLDS ­ misleading statistics ­ lone ­ Benson - creates instability
parents are supported by none cohabiting partners ­ Benefit dependency
financially. Post modernism - Like diversity
Single Person Household ­ ­ Giddens ­ diversity more intimacy and love.
· 2006 ­ 3 in 10 of all households, Half of these were ­ Giddens ­ The "pure relationship" meets needs and
Pensioners equality
· STEIN ­ Creative singlehood & Duncan and Philips LATs ­ 1 in ­ BECK ­ gender inequality.
10 ­ Feminism - Inequality - Control and manipulation in
Reconstituted - nuclear *
· 10% of all families…read more

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H
INDUSTRIALISATION facts/
sociologist summery
·They type of family fits the need of the society
Parsons
·Pre Industrial ­ extended, need for support no gov. help
·1790 ­ THE TURNING POINT
·Modern industrial ­ nuclear, geographically mobile - easier for nuclear to
move.
Stage 1 ­ Pre-industrial nuclear ­ Farms ­ no love - unit of production
Young & Wilmott
- Lasletts - high death rate and short life expectancy
Stage 2 ­ Industrialized ­ towns - Extended ­ Seg. Con. roles
·Parsons extended weakened due to industrialization
·e.g. Bethnal Green.
·Anderson ­ 23% of homes more than nuclear
Stage 3 ­ Modern ­ Suburbs - Isolated Nuclear - Joint con. roles ­ love
·equality because of feminism, independence and contraception
Bethnal Green - Working class, London
Low paid physical work, Relatives close by regular contact
Bethnal
Green
Help and support each other ­ financially and domestically…read more

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Social Policy facts/ sociologist
H
·
summery
1993 ­ Formation of child support agency
· 1971 ­ Divorce reform act
· Thatcher's 1988 ­ Budget and taxation policy
· New Labours child benefit increase
· 1999 ­ working families tax credit
· 2004 ­ Civil Partnerships act
· 2004 -The every child matters agenda
· 2009 - The children's Plan
VIEWS ON SOCIAL POLICY
· MARXISM ­ too keep false consciousness, keep social class hierarchy as it is
· FEMINISM ­ society patriarchy, women unequal ­ women should be working and not in marriage.
· FUNCTIONALISM ­ everything has a function in society ­ march of progress view
· NEW RIGHT ­ Traditional values, keep nuclear and low tax rates
· POST MODERNISM ­ like choice and alternatives within society/family.
· OLD LABOUR ­ Society, government involvement, look after proletariat
· NEW LABOUR ­ Society and individual compromise
· CONSERVATIVE ­ Individual, little government involvement, look after bourgeoisie
· CHINAS ONE CHILD POLICY ­ one child per couple, sanctions to enforce, preference to males
*
led to male dominance 100:114…read more

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