A summary of ALL(or almost all) Case Studies that you have to know for GCSE

Im sorry if some of the facts are wrong but I did my best. (I got an A in Geography and I hope these revision summaries are as useful to you as they were to me) English is my second language and there might be some spelling or grammar mistakes sorry for that. Anyways I think that these case studies are very complete as they contain information from many resources.

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Sahel María Alejandra Piazzolla Ramírez
China's population was growing at an alarming rate of 55 million
every 3 years
In 1979 the policy was stablished
It restricted the nº of children allowed per couple to 1.0
Raised marriage age ( Men 22 Women 20)
CONFORMED WITH POLICY WHO DIDNT
Free Education Deprived from this benefits
Priority Housing Huge fines
Family benefits
Many women who became pregnant a second time:
forced to have an abortion
"offered" sterilisation
EXCEPTIONS:
Parents with handicapped children were allowed to have a
second one
Rural áreas allowed a second child to help at the farm
CONSEQUENCES:
Birth rate fell from 31 to 12
Too Little population to support them in the future
Femeale infanticide
Prevented 230 million people being born

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Sahel María Alejandra Piazzolla Ramírez
A border of 3000km divides these 2 nations
Every year 1 million Mexicans try to cross the border
Usually go to California from Tijuana
PUSH FACTORS PULL FACTORS
-Poverty (40% population is poor) - USA is rich (GNP over $40,000
per capita)
-Unemplyment (28% unemployed) - less poverty (12% population)
-Low salary - More Jobs (unemployment rate
5%)
-Poor health care system (1 -Better Salary (earn 10 times
doctor per 1800 people) more)
-Poor education (8 million -Good education (99%…read more

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Sahel María Alejandra Piazzolla Ramírez
Most inhabitants are rural to urban migrants
There are 600 favelas, more tan 1 million people live here.
People don't have Access to basic services (clean wáter, proper
sewers or electricity)
Often built in unwanted land prone to floods and landslides with
scrap material (storms caused 200 deaths in 1988)
There is lots of crime and 500 000 street dwellers, violence and
drug trafficking.…read more

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Sahel María Alejandra Piazzolla Ramírez
Washington, USA (Cascade mountain range)
Destructive Plate boundary:
Oceanic plate (Juan de Fuca)
goes under the continental
plate (North American)
because it is more dense.
The oceanic plate moves down
the mantle where it melts,
forming a pool of magma.
The magma rises through
cracks in the crust, vents
During 3 months of seismic
activity magma rose. However,
there was a blockage in the main vent so a large bulge grew in the
north flank of the volcano.…read more

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Sahel María Alejandra Piazzolla Ramírez
confident of support from the government
Have always lived there…read more

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Sahel María Alejandra Piazzolla Ramírez
Kobe region of south central Japan (Second most populated &
industrialised area after Tokyo)
January 17th 1995
Magnitude 7.2 in the Richter scale, lasted for 20secs
Destructive plate boundary:
The denser Philippines Plate (oceanic plate) is being subducted
under the Eurasian Plate (continental plate). Tension builds up
when one plate gets stuck, the sudden release of this pressure
results in an earthquake.…read more

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Sahel María Alejandra Piazzolla Ramírez
Kobe is a rich place…read more

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Sahel María Alejandra Piazzolla Ramírez
29th August 2005
South East USA
Category 4
Impacts
1800 people killed: psychological traumas
300,000 houses destroyed; people homeless
3 million people without electricity
I-10 bridge collapsed. Many roads destroyed: emergency aid
cant reach
Business damaged and destroyed: 230,000 jobs were lost
30 offshore oil platforms sunk: increased the Price of fuel
Shops in New Orleans were looted
8.…read more

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Sahel María Alejandra Piazzolla Ramírez
Reasons:
Growing population: land needed for housing
Farming:
Resources: timber, minerals & hydroelectric energy
Transport: (transport resources) Trans-Amazonia highway
5300km
Threat:
3 million hectares cleared annually
60-70% of deforestation from comercial cattle ranching
Every day 134 plants, animal and insects die
Amerindian populations fallen 9,800,000
Pollution of rivers
Global Warming
Half of medicines come from there
Changes in the composition of the atmosphere
The soil becomes unfertile…read more

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Sahel María Alejandra Piazzolla Ramírez
South East England
Intensive, Extensive Arable farming: potatoes, sugar beet and
vegetables
INPUTS
Physical Human
Very flat only 100m above sea Good transport system has
level: easy to build developed so its easy to
Soil is very fertile due to Access A1, M11
Boulder clay laid in the ice age Close to large nearby markets,
Rainfall 500-700mm per year London: saves time and cost,
Long warm sunny summers, easier to transport bulky,
avg 17ºC perishable godos.…read more

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