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Key Tenses
Condit
ional
Perf
ect
Would have done
Fut
u r
e Perf
ect Will have done
Pl
up er
fect
Had done
I
mp erf
ect Was, were, used to, a continuing past action/habit
Pret
eri
te ed, short shap completed action, usually with a time frame
Perf
ect Have done
Present
Do, action happening now
Present
Conti
nuous I am doing, an ongoing action in the present tense
Fut
u r
e Will do
Condit
ional
Would/Could/Should do
Present
Subjunct
ive Conveys…read more

Page 3

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E.
G .
It's estimated that reserves will have run out in the not too
distant future
= Se
cal
cul
a que
las
reser
vas
se habrán agotado
en
un
fut
uro
no
muy
l
ejos
PLUPERFECT:
1.Take
the ver
b `
Haber'
in
the
for
m of
the
imp er
fe ct t
e nse
(habí
a,
habí
as,
ha bí
a,
habíamos,
habíai
s,
habí
an )
2.…read more

Page 4

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ó ió
amos i
mo s
ast
eis i
stei
s
aron i
eron
PERFECT:
1.Take
the ver
b `
Haber'
in
the
for
m of
the
presen t t
e ns e
(he,
has,
ha,
hemo s,
habei
s,
han)
2.Fol
low t
his
w i
th
the
needed ver
b i
n t
he
past participle f
orm
E.
G .
Have you heard their new CD?
=
¿Has oído s
u
nuevo
C D?
PRESENT:
1.…read more

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Page 6

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Add
the
fol
lowi
ng
endi
ngs t
o t
he i
nfi
nit
i
v e.
These
endi
ngs
are
the
same
for
al
l
conj
ugat
ions!
(
Wa heyy
again.)
AR/ER/I
R
EN DING VERB
ía
ías
ía
íamos
íai
s
ían
E.
G .…read more

Page 7

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PERFECT:
PAST
PARTI
C I
PLE:
Abr
ir
/Cub r
ir
/Descub r
ir
=
A bi
ert
o/Cubier
to/
Descub i
ert
o
Deci
r/
H acer/
S at
isf
acer
=
Dicho/
H echo/
Sati
sfecho
Vol
ver/
D evol
ve r
=
V uel
to/
D evuel
to
Escr
ibi
r/
D escr
ibi
r =
E scr
it
o/Descr
it
o
Mori
r/
P oner/
Ve r
=
Mu ert
o/Puesto/
Vist
o
I
MPERFECT:
Ser
=
era,
eras,
er
a…read more

Page 8

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Hacer
= deshacer, sat
isfacer
Poner =
c omponer,
di
sponer,
exponer,
i
mponer,
pr
oponer,
suponer
Tener
= contener,
detener,
mantener,
obtener,
sostener
Traer
= atraer,
contraer,
di
straer,
sustraer
Venir
= convenir,
i
nter
venir
Conducir =
int
roducir,
pr
oducir
note that the Preterite form of hay is hubo, but as the preterite
isn't used for ongoing situations or descriptions, when we want
to say `there was/were' we should use the imperfect form había
PRES ENT:
(
ir
regul
ar
changes
to…read more

Page 9

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Ver
=
veo,
ves,
ve,
vemos,
vei
s,
ven
PRESENT
C ONTI
N UOUS:
(
A
few i
rr
egul
ars
for
t
he
present participle)
Caer
= Cayendo
Creer
=
C r
eyendo
Dormir
=
D ur
miendo
Leer
=
L eyendo
Oír
=
O yendo
Pr
e f
eri
r
= Pref
ir
iendo
FUTURE:
The
fol
lowi
ng have
an i
rr
egul
ar
stem,
so
lear
n t
hese,
t
hen
just
add
the
endi
ngs t
o compl
ete
the…read more

Page 10

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Some
say
the
subj
unct
ive
is
not
anot
her
t
ense,
i
t'
s
the
mood
of
t
he
ver
b
When
to
use
it
:
Af
ter
ver
bal
e xpr
essions
that
convey...
o Wishes
oA dvice
and requests
that
someo ne
els
e
shoul
d do
some t
hing
oJ oy,
hope,
sorrow,
ang er
,
fear
,
a nd
other
emoti
onal
react
ions
oD oubt,
possibi
li
t
y ,
necessi
ty
Af
ter
conj
unct
ions
that
...…read more

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