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A2
Spani
sh
R evi
si
on
Grammar





































Page 2

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Key Tenses
Condit
ional
Perf
ect
Would have done
Fut
u r
e Perf
ect Will have done
Pl
up er
fect
Had done
I
mp erf
ect Was, were, used to, a continuing past action/habit
Pret
eri
te ed, short shap completed action, usually with a time frame
Perf…

Page 3

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E.
G .
It's estimated that reserves will have run out in the not too
distant future

= Se
cal
cul
a que
las
reser
vas
se habrán agotado
en
un
fut
uro
no
muy
l
ejos

PLUPERFECT:


1.Take
the ver
b `
Haber'
in
the
for
m of
the…

Page 4

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é í

aste ist
e
ó ió
amos i
mo s
ast
eis i
stei
s
aron i
eron
PERFECT:


1.Take
the ver
b `
Haber'
in
the
for
m of
the
presen t t
e ns e
(he,
has,

ha,
hemo s,
habei
s,
han)
2.Fol
low t
his…

Page 5

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2.Fol
low t
his
w i
th
the
needed
ver
b i
n t
he
present participle f
orm
(ando/iendo)

E.
G .
I'm reading the newspaper

=

Estoy leyendo
el
per
iodi
co

FUTURE:


1.Add
the
fol
lowi
ng
endi
ngs t
o t
he i
nfi
nit
i…

Page 6

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1.Add
the
fol
lowi
ng
endi
ngs t
o t
he i
nfi
nit
i
v e.
These
endi
ngs
are
the
same
for
al
l
conj
ugat
ions!
(
Wa heyy
again.)








AR/ER/I
R
EN DING VERB

ía
ías
ía
íamos
íai
s
ían



E.
G .
I would…

Page 7

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PERFECT:




PAST
PARTI
C I
PLE:


Abr
ir
/Cub r
ir
/Descub r
ir
=
A bi
ert
o/Cubier
to/
Descub i
ert
o
Deci
r/
H acer/
S at
isf
acer
=
Dicho/
H echo/
Sati
sfecho
Vol
ver/
D evol
ve r
=
V uel
to/
D evuel…

Page 8

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Hacer
= deshacer, sat
isfacer

Poner =
c omponer,
di
sponer,
exponer,
i
mponer,
pr
oponer,

suponer

Tener
= contener,
detener,
mantener,
obtener,
sostener

Traer
= atraer,
contraer,
di
straer,
sustraer

Venir
= convenir,
i
nter
venir

Conducir =
int
roducir,
pr
oducir

note that the Preterite form of hay…

Page 9

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Ver
=
veo,
ves,
ve,
vemos,
vei
s,
ven

PRESENT
C ONTI
N UOUS:
(
A
few i
rr
egul
ars
for
t
he
present participle)


Caer
= Cayendo
Creer
=
C r
eyendo
Dormir
=
D ur
miendo
Leer
=
L eyendo
Oír
=
O yendo
Pr
e f…

Page 10

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Some
say
the
subj
unct
ive
is
not
anot
her
t
ense,
i
t'
s
the
mood
of
t
he
ver
b

When
to
use
it
:

Af
ter
ver
bal
e xpr
essions
that
convey...
o Wishes
oA dvice
and requests
that
someo ne
els
e
shoul
d do…

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