A grade essay; Gender Divide in education achievement

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  • Created on: 29-04-13 12:46
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Daisy Casemore & Ella Morris
Examine the reasons why there is a gender divide in educational
achievement
The divide in educational achievement between genders can be due to
gender identity, subject choice and many internal/external factors. These
key issues include the impact of feminism, introduction of GCSE and
coursework, double standards and peer pressure.
In the UK educational achievement is perceived to be having 5 A*C
grades at GCSE including Maths, English and Science this is seen to be a
cultural and societal norm for the United Kingdom. The main trend in the
UK is that girls are achieving higher grades at GCSE and ALevel, this
highlights the increasing gender divide in secondary schooling ­ meaning
that boys are significantly underachieving in comparison to their female
counterparts. Some sociologists believe that this gender gap can be a
result of maturity level differences, whereas others believe that girls have a
higher sense of pride and determination to achieve desired grades over
boys.
One of the main external factors to consider is the change in women's
employment and the impact of feminism. Feminism is the social movement
that strives for equal rights for women in all areas in life. Functionalists
believe that the family operates most efficiently as a Nuclear Family ­
where the mother is seen to be the homemaker and the father the
breadwinner. However, due to the introduction of the Equal Pay Act ­
1970 and the Sex Discrimination Act 1975, this ideology has somewhat
changed, more women are gaining the qualifications to acquire access to
higher paying jobs. Another trend which is becoming apparent is the
decline in birth rate and therefore maternity leave, as this could jeopardise
their job prospects. The Acts have affected the proportion of women in
employment, rising from 47% in 1959 to over 70% in 2007, based on
these percentages we can assume that they will continue to increase over
the coming years. However, traditional `men's' jobs have declined. The
statistics are providing teenage girls with higher aspirations therefore
wanting to achieve better results meaning better career opportunities in the
long run, whereas for boys the decline in their `traditional men' jobs link
to the decrease in their morals and ambitions and therefore resulting in an
increasing gender divide in educational achievement.

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Daisy Casemore & Ella Morris
Internal factors also contribute to the gender division in educational
achievement, issues such as changing stereotypes in the curriculum and
teacher attention and classroom interaction are of a main focus. Jane and
Peter French 1993, found that in classroom analysis teachers interacted
more so with boys on behavioural grounds whereas on academic terms
boys and girls were seen to be similar on attention levels from the teacher.…read more

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Daisy Casemore & Ella Morris
issues affect the gender divide as boys on average are more likely to try to
live up to their labels and to be seen as popular, neglecting their academic
responsibilities in the process. Whereas girls tend to try to avoid these
negative associations, therefore putting a lot more effort into their school
work ­ which in the long run is a major factor of why girls are achieving
higher grades against boys at secondary school.…read more

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Daisy Casemore & Ella Morris
children, men also then to focus on the lack of room for promotion and
the variety of subjects that they will have to teach rather than their
preferred topic. Yougov 2007 found that 39% of 811 year old boys have
no lessons with a male teacher, but when surveyed boys stated that the
presence of a male teacher made them behave better, and 42% said it
made them work harder.…read more

Comments

wngono

A fantastic sample A grade essay focusing on gender differences in education. This can be further enhanced as a revision/essay planning tool by printing the essay and identifying the key theorist, structure and debate throughout the essay. Excellent.

kickingstitches

Thank you for sharing this! it helped so much with my own sociology work! :)

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