A Case Study for Flooding in an LEDC (Bangladesh 2004)

This is a case study for flooding in an LEDC in Bangladesh in 2004, which includes information about: human and physical causes, economic, environmental and social impacts and responses. Hope this helps! :)

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Melissa Jones 10R
A case study for flooding in an
The 2004 floods in Bangladesh
Bangladesh is a populous country of 150 million people. When the
flooding is more severe than usual, as it was in 2004, considerable
loss of life and great suffering result. In September 2004, Dhaka had
its worst rains for 50 years; on 13 September, 350 millimetres fell in
24 hours.
Physical causes of the flood:
Most of the country is the huge flood plain and delta of the
rivers Ganges and Brahmaputra
Snow melts in the Himalayas in summer and the River Ganges
Human causes of the flood:
The forests absorb water from the ground, bind the soil
particles and reduce the impact of rain droplets on the ground
surface, and because of deforestation, the forests therefore
can't help prevent heavy floods, therefore leads to a worse
The building of the Farakka dam in India in 1971 is blamed for
raising the river bed of the River Hooghly, a tributary of the
Ganges. This increase the risk of flooding.
Economic impacts:
Government rebuilding costs for roads and industry were
estimated at US$2-3 billion
Roads and bridges were destroyed
Environmental impacts:
Rice growing and fish farming were disrupted
Floods covered more than half of Bangladesh
Social impacts:
More than 1 million children suffered from malnutrition
and disease in the following months
8.5 million people were left homeless
Bangladesh is one of the world's poorest countries. In the short
term, the prime concern is always for the health, survival and

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Melissa Jones 10R
suffering of the people affected. A heavy reliance is placed upon
emergency aid from international organisations.
In July 1987 the World Bank prepared an Action Plan for Flood
Control. The plan involved the completion of 3500 kilometres of
coastal and river embankments and included 7 large dams.
Millions of dollars of aid were poured into these engineering
projects, but the scheme remains unfinished due to a mixture of
corruption and inadequate funding.…read more

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