a2 sociology/crime and deviance/crime and gender

a2 sociology/crime and deviance/crime and gender

all the infor you need to know

i also have flash card to match with the notes

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A2 SOCIIOLOGY
Gender and crime- the link
Why do females appear to commit less crime than men?
There are Invisible female offenders OUT THERE IN SOCIETY!
· 80% of offenders are male - this questions why 20% of crime is practically ignored.
· Heidensohn criticised the male dominance of the subject and gave 4 reasons why it is so:
- Male dominance of offenders: majority are male, so it's more appropriate to study them.
- Male dominance of sociology: majority of sociology academics are male - topics of investigation
reflect this.
- Vicarious identification: men study what interests them, most often the marginal and exciting.
- Sociological theorising: male sociologists constructed the theories without thinking about them
being applied to women. Traditional theories are 'gender blind'.
Sex roles/gender socialization of women is different compared to men
Heiderson: The constraint of socialization
· Suggests that women have FAR MORE to loose compare to men if they get involved in crime
and deviance since they will most likely get stigmatize/shamed up by the media as exemplified by
the Amanda Knox case/Pussy Riots in Russia
· Carlen states that women are socialized into performing central roles as "guardians of
domestic moralitiy" they will risk of social disapproval as well. It's a "unfeminine/lady like" thing
to get into therefore they will face double the jepody
Heiderson: Social control makes women too scared to commit delinquent acts
· -Agencies of social control work discourage people from choosing crime over conformity.
· Heiderson suggests that there is an ideology of different spheres. Male dominate the public
sphere like work/pub/clubs/streets at night where most crime is commited.
· Women are in the private spheres of the home, protected from the dangerous/big bad
spheres outside their homes and they arte faced with controls arising from the fear of
physical/sexual violence if they go out alone late at night/sexual harassement from their male
bosses which rstircts their opportunity to deviate. They are responcible for the domestic
labour/childcare provides less opportunity for crime and even if they do, they face more
serious/tougher consequences. Teen girls are most likely to be more closely supervised than
their teen boys, reducing girls from getting into trouble.
· Women face the threat of loosing their reputation of being "respectable" if they do engage
in deviant acts through gossip/labels like "slag"/"slapper" by males and men would lack their
femiminity
The big fat Chilvary thesis
Basically, the chilvry theiss suggests that paternism/sexism is more part of the criminal justice
system, since males dominate police courts/police stations, meaning that women are treated
more leniently compared to men
Evidence:
The Office. Women are constantly treated more leniently by the law, with first
offenders about half as likely to be given a sentence if immediate
inmprosonment as their male counterparts
Female officers: They feel/be seen less serious threat than males, therefore
thwey are most likely to benefit from th more informal approaches to their
offenses, in particular minor offenses like a word of warning instead of a

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A2 SOCIIOLOGY
charge. Women are not seen more potentially cautious than males because they
would commit minor offenses like shoplifting
Evidence against the chilarly thesis
ü Growing females criminality
The pattern is slowly changing in the UK/EU countries.…read more

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A2 SOCIIOLOGY
Westwood: identities are constantly restructured and reframed. We need to understand
how women are changing their identities in a more forceful way and link it to crime.
Heidensohn disputes this however, saying convicted offenders score highly on tests of
femininity.
Transgression: A postmodernist critique (feminist view)
Carlen: argued the previous explanations are theoretically weak.
Smart: transgressive criminology - criminology itself is tied to male concerns and
questions so could never answer feminist questions.…read more

Comments

Kim

This is so brilliantly written - although I'm doing the OCR board, I found the way you argue for and against each piece of evidence translates well into the actually exam :)

I was told by an examiner recently that they look for people that write like its a conversation/debate on the topic, and that's exactly what this does :)

Thank you !

chloeunsworth95

This really helped me x 

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