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Psychology A2 ­ Approaches and research methods

Section A -

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Psychology ­ Section A ­ OBSERVATIONS

Researcher observes a situation and records what happens
A pure observation does not manipulate the IV, if it does, then it is an experiment

Methods of collecting data:

Time sampling ­ Decide on a time interval and every time during this, record what…

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Naturalistic observation ­ Takes place in a natural situation
Controlled observation ­ Takes place where some variables are controlled and manipulated by experimenters

A ­ high ecological validity B ­ high reliability

Disclosed observation ­ Conducted in a overt way (can be seen)
Undisclosed observation ­ Conducted in a covert…

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(Observers trained, how many, how created checklist - design)




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