A2 OCR Biology 2.4.12 Learned Behaviour

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Learned behaviour is learning that shows adaptation in response to experience, the ability to
consider a problem and form a solution or learning not to respond to a repeated stimulation. It
has greater benefit to animals with a longer lifespan and time to learn and a parental care
element from the young which involves learning from parents and living for part of the time with
other members of species to learn from them.
The main advantage is that it's adapted in response to changing circumstances or
Habituation Animals can ignore some stimuli due to
repeated exposure resulting in neither
punishment or reward, found in most animals
e.g. birds ignoring scarecrows
Imprinting Young animals associating with another
organism, goslings follow the first moving thing
they see on hatching so they only follow and
learn from those who look like that thing. It only
occurs in the sensitive period of about 36 hrs
after hatching, less in chickens.
Classical Conditioning Pavlov observed when dogs smell food they
salivate, unconditioned. He rang a bell when
food was ready and noticed dogs salivated on
hearing the bell without food, classical
Operant Conditioning Skinner box. He wanted to create a specific
behavioral reaction to a stimulus by adding an
element of reward or punishment.
Latent/Exploratory Learning Animals explore new surroundings and retain
info that is not of instant use but may be vital
for survival in the future

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Insight Learning Highest form of learning, thinking and
reasoning to solve problems…read more


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