A2 Edexcel History - Tudors - Summary of Edward VI's reign

Summary/revision guide on Edward VI's short reign, including religion, finance, politics, foreign policy and the two 1547 rebellions. 

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  • Created on: 07-06-12 14:40
Preview of A2 Edexcel History - Tudors - Summary of Edward VI's reign

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Edward 1547 -1553
End of Henry ­ what did he leave for Ed?
Set up a Regency Council to rule England on behalf of Edward. Had 16 effective
members. But Seymour faction dominated council
-1546-7 saw court factions jockeying for power. Howard vs Seymour faction!
Howards were religious conservatives but were lacking numbers; with many being
dead and the rest being old (Howard was 73!). The Protestant Radical Seymour
faction were younger and stronger, with Seymour (Somerset) competing for
-Edward's succession was not greatly contested
Henry had made provision for a Regency government comprised of 16 trusted men.
However, Edward's uncle, Edward Seymour, seized the regency for himself and the
title 'Protector of all the realms and dominions of the King's majesty.
State was all but bankrupt upon Edwards Succession due to Henry's crazy spending
French and Scottish Wars had drained the Treasury
Problems with Enclosures in Henry's reign led to urbanisation and more people moving
to the city. This led to food shortages, overcrowding, disruption to trade and even
Inherited Henry's religious changes. However, this would only be a problem if Edward
chose to further delevop reforms
Religious uncertainty after Henry's reforms
Succession ­ huge problem ­ Jane Grey or Mary? Mary was next in line to the throne,
but Northumberland wanted to prevent the accession of a catholic monarch. But mary
got the people on her side and removed Jane after Nine days an had her done for
Somerset fought expensive wars

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Somerset pushed finances to the limit, exhausting the treasury and debasing the
coinage.…read more

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Used a lot of the money to build Grammar schools, but it mostly went into the treasury
Published a second prayer book in English, based on Protestant beliefs with no mention
of Mass
Cranmer published the 42 Articles based on Protestant beliefs for all clergy to follow
Political (Parliament, council)
Privy Council of 16 would not work simply because the members in it were too
pre-occupied with advancing their own individual power bases as opposed to ruling on
behalf of Edward.…read more

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Often demands reflected the views of
the leadership and not the mass of rebels.
Indications that the harvest in 1549 would be as bad as in 1547 helped spark rebellion
Rising prices, population growth, poverty and vagrancy sparked unrest
They called for a restriction on the number of servants the gentry could keep, and the
confiscation of ex-monastic lands from the gentry and their redistribution. This is also
religious as gentry benefited from reformation, so by attacking gentry they are
attacking the reformation.…read more

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Had to take militant action on the rebels
Uprising could have been supported if the frech invaded = large rebellion possible
always potential for growth, but was properly dealt with
Ketts Rebellion (East)
Most were socioeconomic mainly to do with land and farming
"We pray that...…read more

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