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· SOCIO-CULTURL FACTORS
· PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES




SCHIZOPHRENIA & LIFE EVENTS
Studies suggest that very stressful or life-changing events may trigger schizophrenia. Being
homeless, living in poverty, having no job, losing someone close to you, or being physically,
emotionally, sexually or racially abused or harassed may be factors.
According to one…

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There is some evidence to support this particular account of how family relationships
may lead to schizophrenia.
BERGER (1965) found that schizophrenics reported a higher recall of double bind
statements by their mothers than non-schizophrenics. However, It may not be reliable as
patients recall may be affected by their schizophrenia…

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SOCIAL LABELLING/LABELLING THEORY
Scheff (1999) promoted the labelling theory of schizophrenia.
Theory states social groups create the concept of psychiatric deviance by constructing
rules for group members to follow.
Thus the symptoms of schizophrenia are seen as deviating (going against) from the rules
that we attribute to `normal' experience or…

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Cognitive approaches examine how people think, how they process information.
Researchers have focused on two factors which appear to be related to some of the
experiences and behaviours of people diagnosed with schizophrenia.
First, cognitive deficits which are impairments in thought processes such as perception,
memory and attention.
Second, cognitive…

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Freud (1924)
Schizophrenia is the result of: Regression to a pre-ego stage.
Attempts to re-establish ego control.
Ego = driven by the reality principle which works to satisfy the ID in realistic ways. Makes the
child accommodate to the demands of the environment.

If a schizophrenic's world is harsh, e.g.…

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