A2 ICT Past Paper Questions and Answers for WJEC

This document contains all of the past paper questions and answers from 2006 to 2015 for A2 ICT, exam board WJEC. If identical questions have been asked, the questions have only been entered once. However, if the question is similar but slightly different then both questions have been used. The past papers have been arranged into topics and subtopics within each topic as similar questions have been put together. On some questions, it askes for 2 examples but I have listed all possible answers and used bold to identify the ones that I would use in the exam.

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WJEC A2 ICT Past Paper Questions and Answers from 2006 to 2015
Topic 1 ­ Networks
Question Answer
Size of organisation ­ This determines the complexity of
the network and whether a LAN or WAN is needed. Large
organisations may have users in many different sites
around the world so communication costs can be high.
Existing systems ­ New systems will need to be
Jun Other than cost or security issues, compatible with the old system. Staff would have to have
e explain in detail three factors that entire new training if a brand new system was introduced
could influence the choice of a
200 so the existing system may be used to keep costs down.
computer network for a company.
6 2 × [2] Performance required ­ This determines the topology
used and the sever needed. Performance is measured
by: the use of online help, ecommerce systems need to
be fast and the network will be reliable and available.
How the system will be used
Network configuration
Size of the organisation:
Needs can range from a small LAN to a global WAN.
Some communications media are limited to the distance
they have to travel.
Amount of data processing required must also be
Existing systems to integrate:
More often networks are not developed from scratch but
need to fit in with existing systems. Sometimes an
extension is required e.g. when a new branch office
Therefore any new network must fit in with the operating
systems and protocols of the existing.
It must support any peripherals already in use e.g. bar
Jun code readers, printers etc.
Other than security and topology
e Cost of the network:
issues, discuss in detail two factors
Initial purchasing of equipment
200 that will influence the choice of a
Installation and training
7 network. [4]
Maintenance costs
Size of the available budget will determine what can be
done e.g. fibre optic cable is faster but is also more
expensive. Wireless systems are flexible but need more
How the system will be used:
What type of applications do users require?
Will they need large data storage?
From where will they operate the network e.g. at home in
office or remote access from different locations
Performance and speed required
Performance in terms of:
Reliability, user friendliness
Speed of processing.

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Different parts of the organisation may have different
performance requirements. E.g.…read more

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Advantages of ring networks:
· The network is not dependent on a central computer
· Each computer has the same access as the others so no
one computer can `hog' the network.
· Faster speeds possible because of uni direction.…read more

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· Check to see no unauthorised software loaded on machines
· Log off users who have forgotten to do so
· Clear printer queues at stations
· Data can be pooled and therefore accessed by a wide
range of users.
This helps to ensure data integrity.
· Hardware resources such as printers and scanners can be
shared. This is a much more cost effective solution than
providing each user with their own set of peripheral devices.
· Software resources can be shared.…read more

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· Existing systems. Can the current stock of PCs and
peripherals be used on the new network?
· Performance required. Speed of processing, reliability, user
friendliness, capacity
· Security. Will they have to prepare for outsider access? etc.
· Topology
Communications / Changes in working practices:
· Email and being able to transfer information between
· Video conferencing to get expert help on particularly tricky
· Internet access to research particular procedures or latest
developments.…read more

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Jun Type in the exact address of the website into the address bar
Products can be purchased on the Web crawlers /search engines
e Internet using a company website. Type in a key word and select from given list
200 Describe two methods a customer Boolean searches
7 could use to find the website.…read more

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Jan A Boolean search is a search using the operators AND, OR
Define and explain how a Boolean
or NOT. Using AND narrows a search by combining terms it
200 search can be used to access
will retrieve documents that use both the search terms you
1 information on the Internet. [2]
specify, (e.g. Portland AND Oregon)
Where a series of computers are networked together and
they each work on solving the same problem .…read more

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· There is no travelling ­ it can be done from home so saving
in costs and time
· Allows disabled people to do more shopping
· Can be done 24/7
· Much quicker to do a price comparison
· Can find obscure goods not available locally
Advantages to businesses:
· Overheads cut. Large savings on shops, warehouse and
office space
· Wider customer base
· Customers can be kept in touch with by email and informed
of new products.…read more



Hi, this is the best source of revision i've read so far but the questions from the 2016 paper are missing. If you could update and add the 2016 questions for each topic it would be even better. Thanks.

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