A-1 Exhaustive Revision Notes on International Relations: The Era of the Cold War 1943-1991

These are my exhaustive revision notes for Unit 1 of the GCSE History (Specification A) syllabus for Edexcel.

I have used multiple textbooks as well as internet sources to compile these notes.

I hope that you may find these notes useful :)

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Page 1

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Teheran Conference

First Conference of the
Grand Alliance (194147)

November 28 ­ December 1
st

1943
ATTENDANTS:
Collectively known as `the Big Three':
Joseph Stalin
Franklin D. Roosevelt Winston Churchill
General Secretary of the
President of the United States Prime Minister of the United
Central Committee of the
of America…

Page 2

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Yalta Conference

Second Conference of the
Grand Alliance (194147)


February 4 ­ 11 1945
ATTENDANTS:
Collectively known as `the Big Three':
Joseph Stalin
Franklin D. Roosevelt Winston Churchill
General Secretary of the
President of the United States Prime Minister of the United
Central Committee of the
of America Kingdom
Communist…

Page 3

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Potsdam Conference

Third Conference of the
Grand Alliance (194147)

1945
July 17 ­ August 2nd
ATTENDANTS:
Joseph Stalin
Harry S. Truman Clement Attlee
General Secretary of the
President of the United States Prime Minister of the United
Central Committee of the
of America Kingdom
Communist Party of the USSR
Franklin…

Page 4

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Growing Distrust:
The War of Words

1946 1949

Why the USSR was envious of the USA:
Only 300,000 American troops
The USA was enjoying full
did not return home from 70,000 villages were razed in
employment in a postwar
WWII; 27 million Soviet troops Operation Barbarossa and the
economic boom…

Page 5

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The world could choose The USA had a responsibility The USA would financially and
between communism and to fight for liberty wherever it militarily assist governments
capitalism. was threatened. facing a communist threat.
Communism would be contained (hence why the USA intervened in Greece in 1947).


Spread of Soviet Influence:…

Page 6

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Moscowtrained Rationalised
Civil fear and mistrust Totalitarianist police
communists in every economies dependent
to avoid uprisings. forces and militaries.
state party. on the USSR.
Cominform (after 1947) Comecom (after 1949)




The Marshall Plan of 1947,
Cominform and Comecon

1947 ­ 1949
COMINFORM (1947):
In 1947, Stalin etablished the Communist Information…

Page 7

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The Berlin Blockade and
Airlift

June 1948 ­ May 1949
Summary: Aims:
On June 24, 1948, Stalin blockaded land, rail To stop the new government in Berlin from
and water access routes to West Berlin. controlling its territory in West Germany.
Causes:
German reunification, agreed at the Potsdam Conference, would…

Page 8

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Arms Race

1945 ­ 1956
Causes:
Following the formation of NATO and the Warsaw Pact, the USA and the USSR entered into an arms
race in the fear of a military attack against either side.
Events:
Date Country Development
1945 USA Nuclear bombs
1949 USSR (causing the American Red Scare)…

Page 9

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The Hungarian Uprising

October 1956
Why Hungarians were angry:
Hungarian coal, oil and wheat Hungary suffered under
Hungary had lost land to other were being shipped to the Matyas Rakosi's brutal regime
Eastern European countries. USSR whilst Hungarians of political censorship.
starved.
The USSR controlled Hungary's government, police and army.…

Page 10

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discontent felt in Hungary was widespread, liberalisation has become known as the Polish
with a hunger for change that could feasibly be October and gave hope to Hungarians that they
realised with a popular protest spreading could secure similar reforms if such demands
internationally. were asked.
On October 23, 1956,…

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