2 B What Are The Patterns Of Crime

Notes on patterns of crime for A2 Sociology

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  • Created by: Emma Rudd
  • Created on: 25-03-08 16:29
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Patterns of Crime ­ Crime and Deviance Emma Rudd
2bWhat are the patterns of crime, fear of crime and
victimisation?
Official statistics show little change in annual crime rates between 1876 and 1940.
Then there is a gradual upturn to the early fifties followed by a sharp upturn that
continues to the mid 1990's. Since then the figures have gone up and down but within a
range that is still much higher than in the nineteen fifties. However we cannot simply
assume that society has become more criminal because
More crimes may be reported (Dodd, 2003 says the proportion of crimes
reported stands at 44%, significantly higher than in the 1980's)
New types of and opportunities for crime may be emerging
Changes in legislation mean there are more ways to be criminal
Changes in policing mean more people are being caught.
The British Crime Survey 2002/2003 based on the data from 36,500 interviews
estimates that 12.3 million crimes were committed against adults living in private
households in England and Wales. Police recorded crime for the same period was just
under 5.9 million.
Task. In pairs look carefully at each of the nine graphs below and for
each one identify and explain in writing two significant trends. Also
produce a paragraph that questions the accuracy of the trends you
identify
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Patterns of Crime ­ Crime and Deviance Emma Rudd
GRAPH 1
Graph 1 ­ British Crime Trends
Crime has been increasing, but it significantly increased between 1972 ­ 2000
It reached its peak between 1988 - 1992
GRAPH 2
Graph 2 ­ Trends in recorded crime in England and Wales in 1981 ­ 2001/2002
Recorded offences have been increasing; it significantly increased between 1989 -1992.
However when the `counting rule' changed in 1998/1999 the new counting rule recorded
higher offences than the old counting rule.…read more

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Patterns of Crime ­ Crime and Deviance Emma Rudd
GRAPH 3
Graph 3 ­ The % of reported BCS crimes estimated to have been recorded by the police.
Burglary with loss = 89.…read more

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Patterns of Crime ­ Crime and Deviance Emma Rudd
Attempted vehicle theft = 81.5
Theft of vehicle = 74.1
All vehicle related theft = 69.2
All burglary = 69
Theft from vehicle = 63.6
All comparable crime = 60.3
Vandalism = 60.0
Bicycle theft = 53.5
Wounding = 53.2
All comparable violence = 48.2
Robbery = 46.3
Common assault = 44.9
Theft from person = 44.4
Burglary attempts and no losses = 41.…read more

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Patterns of Crime ­ Crime and Deviance Emma Rudd
GRAPH 4
5…read more

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Patterns of Crime ­ Crime and Deviance Emma Rudd
Graph 4 ­ Comparison of the British Crime Survey 2001 /2002 and recorded crimes
Vandalism = Only 60% that were reported were officially recorded.…read more

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Patterns of Crime ­ Crime and Deviance Emma Rudd
7…read more

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Patterns of Crime ­ Crime and Deviance Emma Rudd
Graph 5
Item A ­
For Vandalism:
BCS crimes were reported to the police = 31%
BCS crimes that were reported were officially recorded = 70%
Of all crimes the BCS recorded the police only recorded 22%
Property Crime:
BCS crimes were reported to the police = 50%
BCS crimes that were reported were officially recorded = 75%
Of all crimes the BCS recorded the police only recorded 38%
Burglary:
BCS crimes were reported to the…read more

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Patterns of Crime ­ Crime and Deviance Emma Rudd
Of all crimes the BCS recorded the police only recorded 81%
Attempted Theft of Vehicles
BCS crimes were reported to the police = 36%
BCS crimes that were reported were officially recorded =100%
Of all crimes the BCS recorded the police only recorded 38%
Item B ­ Crimes recorded by police in England and Wales 1920 ­ 202/2003
Crime significantly increased between 1972 1992, it then began to decrease slightly but
increase again in 2002 ­…read more

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Patterns of Crime ­ Crime and Deviance Emma Rudd
Graph 7 ­ Stop and Searches per 1000 population
Over the years in Britain Black people have been stopped and searched the most, than
Asian people and then White people.…read more

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