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2.4.1 Coronary Heart Disease

(a) Types of Disease
Noninfectious- A disease not caused by a pathogen so does not spread between people.
e.g. CHD
Infectious- A disease caused by a pathogen so can spread between people.
e.g. Common cold

(b) Causes of CHD
CHD can be caused by atherosclerosis. This…

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If there's no pulse or breathing carry out chest compressions; press the center of the chest 5 cm
in about 100 times a minute. If pulse restarts place patient in recovery position

(f) Aspirin and Defibrillation
The defib is turned on and the pads are placed on the patient's chest.…

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(i) BMI and Hip Waist Ratio
There are two ways to assess whether a person is overweight or not; BMI and waist hip ratio.
Body Mass Index is weight divided by height squared. It should be between 20 and 25.
Waist Hip ratio shows how weight is distributed around the…

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(l) Management of CHD
NICE is the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. They give guidance on public health, health
technologies and clinical practice.
They are an independent organisation responsible for providing national guidance on promoting good
health and preventing and treating ill health.


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