1st and 2nd Reign of Edward IV.

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Edward IV 1461-1469. 1ST Reign.
Foreign Policy:
SUCCESS:
Alliance with Burgundy. Played France and Burgundy off each other, and got the best treaty
for England. This stopped the trade war which England was badly suffering from.
FAILURES:
Warwick was unhappy by this decision as he wanted an alliance with France. This later led to a
rebellion.
Marriage:
FAILURE
Was supposed to marry Louis XI's sister, however married Elizabeth Grey in secret. He
gained nothing from this marriage and made Warwick even more angry due to him already
arranging a marriage for a French royal.
Royal Finances:
SUCCESS:
Did stop the trade war.
FAILURES:
Kept the taxes he was granted for war against France and Scotland in 1463 and 1468. He did
not go to these wars. This gave him a bad label.
Lancastrian Opposition:
SUCCESS:
Didn't go into fighting and conciliation was faster and cheaper. Met public expectations that
he would restore unity and not increase divisions.
Executing Henry could outrage nobles and gentry and increase support for rebellions.
FAILURES:
Failed to execute Henry.
Didn't stop Lancastrian opposition.
Relied on the Neville's too much.
Tried policy of conciliation with Somerset, led to Battles of Hedgley Moore and Hexton.
Justice and Order:
SUCCESS:
Did do the right things. Set up commissions, made a law to reduce retaining, used bonds to
force landowners to obey.
FAILURES:
Disorder in 1461.
Splendour at Court.
SUCCESS:
Did have naturally good looks, nice clothes etc.
Nobility.
FAILURES:
Did not build up enough committed support when the Warwick rebellion happened.
Few thought he could handle being King and few put their lives on the live for the King.

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EDWARD IV'S 2ND REIGN.
Edward and the Nobility.
SUCCESS:
Used lower class people rather than powerful nobles, e.g. William Herbert.
Gave himself more power over Wales and the Marches by setting up a council in the name of
his eldest son.
Justice and Order.
SUCCESS:
He set up gentry in every county. Men in this gentry where members of the royal
households, knights or esquire of the Kings Body. Close to the King, enabling them to form
close relationships.…read more

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