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SubCultural Theories of Crime and Deviance Emma Rudd



Sociology - 1F - Young People and Crime

The first three theories are functionalist in their approach.

Cohen - the delinquent subculture
Cohen, drew upon both Merton's ideas of strain and also on the ethnographic ideas of
the Chicago school of sociology.…

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SubCultural Theories of Crime and Deviance Emma Rudd



Groups brought up in this sort of environment are likely to turn to violence
usually against other similar groups.
3. Retreatist
This tends to be a more individual response and occurs where the individual has
no opportunity or ability to engage in…

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SubCultural Theories of Crime and Deviance Emma Rudd




So, in the UK, evidence of distinctive subcultures has been fairly difficult to
obtain.

Subterranean values ­ An interpretivist approach.
One consistent criticism of sub-cultural theories was there was little evidence
to demonstrate a distinct set of anti-social values. Even if there…

Page 4

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SubCultural Theories of Crime and Deviance Emma Rudd




Similarly, Philip Bourgois' study of El Barrio (1995) looks at the lives of drug
dealers and criminals in this deprived area of New York and finds that they too
believe in the American Dream of financial success. Their 'subculture' is really little…

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