The Pilgrimage of Grace 1536

The Pilgrimage of Grace 1536

Causes

  • Outbreak in Lincolnshire.
  • Made up of 9 rebellions.
  • Henry was refused a divorce from Catherine of Aragon by the Pope.
  • Henry became head of the Catholic Church (Break from Rome) in 1536 to get a divorce. Created Church of England.
  • He now had income power. Rumours that commissioners were stealing. Closing of the Protestant monasteries.
  • Frightened people into resistance.
  • Lord Hussey drew up manifesto for the Lincolnshire Rising.
  • Robert Aske led the rebellion.

Effects

  • 10,000 people gathered, marched to Lincoln. Manifesto of demands sent to the King.
  • They wanted: Tax collecting abandoned, action against religion reversed, those who helped King punished, Kings law and land replaced.
  • Rebels were to disperse or face punishment.
  • 177 were executed out of 30,000 rebels
  • Rebels were powerful so Henry held a 'New Year' to discuss demands. Aske was satisfied and ended the protest.
  • Sir Francis Bigod tried to revive rebellion, not enough support, rebels had broken their terms so hundreds arrested across the North.
  • Leaders of original rebellion killed.

Overall summary

RELIGIOUS (dissolution of the monasteries, 3 new commissioners, 9/24 ponterfract articles were religious based, people fearful of change, religion affected all aspects of life) ECONOMIC (1535,36 V bad harvest, rumours of new tax on sheep cattle, enclosure, statute of uses- stopped nobles and gentry from owning their own retainers, monasteries had an economic effect)  POLITICAL (the court was dominated by the Boleyn faction of low birth, Cromwell was not liked)

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