Ex-07: Explain why unemployment declined in the USA in the years 1939 to 1941. (12 marks).

Ex-07: Explain why unemployment declined in the USA in the years 1939 to 1941. (12 marks).

Causes

  • Congress support for military preparedness meant money was available for recruitment.
  • reversal of neutrality meant men were needed for the coming fight
  • War in Europe meant that the USA was prepared to supply arms to both sides so jobs were created in munitions etc.
  • the policies of the New Deal
  • manufacturers switched to military production and both men and women were needed
  • Cash and Carry plan meant the allies could buy more products
  • supplying allies with agricultural products after 1939 meant more work for farmers.

Effects

Overall summary

Possibly give an explanation that the New Deal measures had started the USA on the road to increased employment but the catalyst was the war in Europe.

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