Arguments for and against devolution

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Arguments for and against devolution

Advantages

  • There has been growing popular demand for more self-government in the national regions.
  • The national regions have different needs to England, which should be reflected in stronger regional government.
  • By conceding devolution, the demands for fuller independence will be headed off, thus preventing the break-up of the UK.
  • It is more democratic because government will be brought closer to the people.
  • It will reduce the workload of the British Parliament and government.
  • It recognises the new idea of a 'Europe of the regions' rather than separate states, that is, national boundaries will become less important than regional differences.

Disadvantages

  • Conservatives in particular believe it may lead to the break-up of the UK because demands for independence will be fuelled by devolution.
  • It was argued that demand for devolution was over-exaggerated, especially in Wales, so it was unnecessary.
  • It creates an extra layer of government which will lead to confusion and increase costs to the taxpayer.
  • In Scotland it was feared that taxes there would inevitably rise because Scotland is less prosperous than the UK as a whole.
  • Nationalists have argued that devolution does not go far enough. British government has retained all the important powers for itself.
  • Nationalists also argue they should have a separate voice in Europe, but devolution does not give them this.
  • The West Lothian Question.

Evaluation

Although devolution makes the government more accessible to the people whilst freeing up the national government's time, it is also of disadvantage to taxpayers. As can be seen with the case of Scotland in 2014, devolution is not necessarily satisfactory to the national regions and they may wish for full independence of the UK.

Comments

Mariah221101

Report

could be in more depth and a better conclusion would suffice. 

Thanks anyway.

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